Test # 4 Study Guide

Test # 4 Study Guide - Ethnographic Techniques 1. Direct,...

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Patel Patel 10-28-10 Cultural Anthropology Cultural Anthropology : The study of human society and culture describes, analyzes, interprets and explains social and cultural similarities and differences . Cultural Anthropology: Methods What method do cultural anthropologists use to study culture? Answer: Ethnography Ethnography: the firsthand personal study of a local setting Method: Ethnography Ethnography emerged as the primary research strategy of cultural anthropologists because In the past many societies had greater cultural uniformity Ethnographers try to understand the whole of a particular culture, not just fragments Usually spend extended period of time living with group they are studying Evolution of Ethnography Malinowski (1920s) “father of ethnography” Salvage ethnography Ethnographic Realism “native’s point of view” Geertz (1960s) Thick Description Interpret what’s meaningful to the people Marcus and Fischer (1980s) Ethnographic experimentation “Rediscover” cultures in changing historical circumstances
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Unformatted text preview: Ethnographic Techniques 1. Direct, firsthand observation 2. Conversation 3. The genealogical method 4. Detailed work with key consultants 5. In-depth interviewing 6. Discovery of local beliefs and perceptions 1. Emic 2. Etic 7. Problem-oriented research 8. Longitudinal research 9. Team research Ethnographic present o Linked to salvage ethnography and refers to culture before westernization e.g. as static and timeless. unrealistic construct that portrayed natives as isolated and cut off from rest of world o Cultures constantly change Culture, Space, and Scale Traditional ethnographic research focused on single community or culture, treated as more or less isolated and unique in time and space Shift toward recognition of ongoing and inescapable flows of people, technology, images, and information Increasingly study people in motion http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhCruPBvSjQ...
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Test # 4 Study Guide - Ethnographic Techniques 1. Direct,...

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