HP SAN Design Reference Guide.pdf - HP SAN Design Reference...

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Unformatted text preview: HP SAN Design Reference Guide Abstract This reference document provides information about HP SAN architecture, including Fibre Channel, iSCSI, FCoE, SAN extension, and hardware interoperability. Storage architects and system administrators can use this document to plan, design, and maintain an HP SAN. HP Part Number: 5900-4251 Published: October 2015 Edition: 87 © Copyright 2001-2015 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Confidential computer software. Valid license from HP required for possession, use or copying. Consistent with FAR 12.211 and 12.212, Commercial Computer Software, Computer Software Documentation, and Technical Data for Commercial Items are licensed to the U.S. Government under vendor's standard commercial license. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The only warranties for HP products and services are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein. Acknowledgments Itanium® is a trademark of Intel Corporation in the U.S. and other countries. Microsoft® and Windows® are trademarks of the Microsoft group of companies. Oracle® and Java® are registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. UNIX® is a registered trademark of The Open Group. Warranty WARRANTY STATEMENT: To obtain a copy of the warranty for this product, see the warranty information website: Contents New and changed information in this edition..................................................15 I Architecture..............................................................................................16 1 SAN design overview............................................................................17 SAN solutions....................................................................................................................17 HP SAN implementations....................................................................................................18 SAN components...............................................................................................................19 Fibre Channel technology...................................................................................................19 Storage area networks........................................................................................................19 SAN infrastructure..............................................................................................................20 Fabrics.........................................................................................................................20 SAN scaling.................................................................................................................20 Fibre Channel switches.......................................................................................................20 SAN design approaches.....................................................................................................21 SAN design considerations.................................................................................................21 2 SAN fabric topologies...........................................................................24 Fabric topologies...............................................................................................................24 Routed SAN fabrics.......................................................................................................25 FCoE SAN fabrics.........................................................................................................25 Benefits........................................................................................................................25 Single-switch fabric............................................................................................................25 Switch models...............................................................................................................26 Benefits........................................................................................................................26 Cascaded fabric................................................................................................................26 Switch models...............................................................................................................27 Benefits........................................................................................................................27 Meshed fabric...................................................................................................................28 Switch models...............................................................................................................29 Benefits........................................................................................................................29 Ring fabric........................................................................................................................29 Switch models...............................................................................................................31 Benefits........................................................................................................................31 Core-edge fabric...............................................................................................................31 Core-edge fabric types...................................................................................................32 Switch models...............................................................................................................34 Benefits........................................................................................................................34 Topology data access.........................................................................................................34 Topology maximums...........................................................................................................35 B-series switches............................................................................................................35 C-series switches...........................................................................................................36 H-series switches...........................................................................................................36 Routed fabric topologies.....................................................................................................36 B-series Meta SAN........................................................................................................37 B-series Virtual Fabrics with IFR........................................................................................38 C-series VSANs with IVR................................................................................................38 H-series switches with TR................................................................................................39 FCoE fabric topologies.......................................................................................................39 Data availability................................................................................................................40 Levels..........................................................................................................................40 Considerations..............................................................................................................42 Topology migration............................................................................................................43 Contents 3 Nondisruptive migration.................................................................................................43 Migrating a cascaded fabric SAN...................................................................................43 Migrating a meshed fabric SAN.....................................................................................44 Migrating a ring fabric SAN...........................................................................................44 3 Fibre Channel routing............................................................................45 Fibre Channel routing overview............................................................................................45 Fabric, Virtual Fabric, and VSAN independence...............................................................46 Fabric services..............................................................................................................46 Worldwide Name.........................................................................................................46 Import and export.........................................................................................................46 Routing table................................................................................................................46 SAN scaling and routing....................................................................................................47 Switch scaling...............................................................................................................47 Scaling by routing.........................................................................................................48 Fibre Channel routing implementations.................................................................................48 Fibre Channel routing techniques....................................................................................48 B-series fabric groups.....................................................................................................50 B-series fabric partitioning using Virtual Fabrics.................................................................50 B-series Virtual Fabrics architecture..................................................................................50 C-series fabric partitioning..............................................................................................50 H-series switch fabric routing...........................................................................................51 B-series, C-series, and H-series routing differences..............................................................51 Fabric redundancy and routing............................................................................................53 Supported routing configurations.........................................................................................55 Routing and core-edge fabrics........................................................................................55 Routing through an IP network........................................................................................56 High-availability router configurations..............................................................................57 400 MP Router and MP Router Blade use cases................................................................59 H-series switches with TR configurations............................................................................59 Routing use cases..........................................................................................................60 4 Fibre Channel over Ethernet...................................................................64 HP FCoE solutions overview.................................................................................................64 HP FCoE converged switch technology..................................................................................65 Converged network switch ports......................................................................................66 CN Switch Interoperability.........................................................................................66 HP FCoE products..............................................................................................................67 Converged network switches and blades..........................................................................67 HP FlexFabric 5900CP Switch....................................................................................67 HP 5820 Ethernet/FCoE Switch..................................................................................68 HP 2408 FCoE Converged Network Switch ................................................................69 HP StorageWorks DC SAN Director Switch 10/24 FCoE Blade......................................69 HP C-series Nexus 5010/5020 Converged Network Switches........................................70 Cisco Nexus 5548UP/5596UP Converged Network Switches........................................71 Cisco Nexus 6001P switch.........................................................................................71 Cisco Nexus 6004EF switch.......................................................................................71 Cisco Fabric Extender for HP BladeSystem...................................................................72 Converged network adapters .........................................................................................72 HP StoreFabric CN1200E .........................................................................................73 HP CN1000E and CN1100E.....................................................................................73 HP StoreFabric CN1100R..........................................................................................74 HP CN1000Q.........................................................................................................74 FCoE storage systems....................................................................................................74 HP 3PAR StoreServ 7200/7400/7450/8200/8400/8440/8450 AFA/10400/10800/20450/20800/20850 with 10GbE FCoE host ports......................75 4 Contents XP7 with the FCoE 10-GbE channel adapter (8 ports per adapter)..................................75 P9500 with the FCoE 10-GbE channel adapter (4 ports per adapter)..............................76 P63xx/P65xx with FCoE/iSCSI 10-GbE front end host ports (2 ports per controller)..........77 FCoE configuration rules.....................................................................................................80 Server support..............................................................................................................84 HP FlexFabric 5900CP Switch and HP 5900AF Switch.......................................................84 HP 5820 Converged Network Switch...............................................................................85 Usage.....................................................................................................................85 FCoE Converged Network Switch fabric rules...............................................................85 Firmware, CNA, operating systems, and storage products support..............................85 B-series FCoE Converged Network switch.........................................................................85 Features..................................................................................................................86 Operating systems and storage products.....................................................................87 C-series and Cisco FCoE Converged Network switches.......................................................87 C-series Nexus 5020 FCoE Converged Network Switch.................................................87 C-series Nexus 5010 FCoE Converged Network Switch..................................................87 Expansion modules for the C-series Nexus 5000 Series switches.....................................87 Cisco Nexus 5548UP FCoE Converged Network Switch................................................87 Cisco Nexus 5596UP FCoE Converged Network Switch................................................88 Expansion Module Options for the Cisco Nexus 5500 Series switches.............................88 Expansion Modules for the Cisco Nexus 6004EF switch................................................88 Models...................................................................................................................89 Features.............................................................................................................89 FCoE Converged Network switch fabric rules...............................................................90 Operating systems and storage products.....................................................................90 Boot from SAN support.......................................................................................................90 Multipathing software support.............................................................................................90 II Fabric infrastructure rules...........................................................................91 5 HP FlexFabric switches and storage support..............................................92 HP FlexFabric converged switches........................................................................................92 Model numbering.......................................................................................................138 Model naming............................................................................................................138 Switch models.............................................................................................................138 Features and storage support...............................................................................................93 6 B-series switches and fabric rules.............................................................94 B-series Fibre Channel switches, HP StoreFabric SN4000B SAN Extension Switch, 1606 Extension SAN Switches, 400 MP Router, and MP Router Blade.............................................................94 Model naming..............................................................................................................95 Switch models...............................................................................................................95 Features.......................................................................................................................97 Usage.......................................................................................................................102 Fibre Channel switch fabric rules........................................................................................103 Operating systems and storage products........................................................................104 B-series Fibre Channel switch and fabric rules.................................................................105 B-series Encryption Switch fabric rules............................................................................108 HP StoreFabric SN4000B SAN Extension Switch fabric rules.............................................109 1606 Extension SAN Switch and DC Dir Switch MP Extension Blade fabric rules.................110 Fibre Channel routing, 400 MP Router, and MP Router Blade fabric rules...........................113 Core switch addressing mode.......................................................................................117 Zoning limits and enforcement......................................................................................118 Zoning guidelines for B-series Fibre Channel switches.......................................................118 7 C-series switches and fabric rules..........................................................121 C-series Fibre Channel switches........................
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