Core notes - Contents General Introduction 2 The Human...

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1 Contents General Introduction………………………………………… 2 The Human Condition Human Nature: Reasoning………………………….. 3 Egoistical……………………………. 4 Noble………………………………… 6 A Kantian Life………………………………………………… 8 The Kantian Condition……………………………………… 10 A Christian Life……………………………………………… 14 The Christian Condition…………………………………….. 18 An Existential Life…………………………………………… 24 The Existential Condition…………………………………… 28 A Naturalistic Life…………………………………………… 32 The Naturalistic Condition………………………………….. 35 Confucianism………………………………………………… 39 Freedom and Determinism…………………………………. 44 Freedom and Responsibility………………………………… 46 The Human Being Concepts of self: Substance…………………………….. 49 Immortal……………………………… 50 Continuity of consciousness………… 51 Unreal………………………………… 51 Subject of experiences I…………….. 52 Convenient term……………………... 52 Subject of experiences II……………. 53 In Hinduism…………………………. 54 As an enduring concept……………... 57 Knowing others……………………………………………… 58 Solipsism and Intersubjectivity…………………………….. 61 Minds and Bodies……………………………………………. 62 Dualism………………………………………………………. 63 Monism……………………………………………………….. 70 Identity theories of mind……………………………………. 70 Behaviourism………………………………………………… 72 Functionalism………………………………………………… 74 Persons, animals and machines…………………………….. 76 Animals……………………………………………….. 77 Machines……………………………………………… 86 Universality and diversity of individuals…………………… 89 Bibliography………………………………………………….. 93 Appendix 1 – Hegel and Freedom…………………………... 94
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2 You and Your Life General introduction “Nobody asked me if I wanted to join the human race. Now I’m in it, a lot of people are keen to tell me who I am and how to live the life I’ve got. They can’t all be right. Can philosophy help at all?” Of course, the answer to this is ‘perhaps’. In this the Core Theme we’ll be looking at the question of what it means to be human. The idea is that by examining this question from various different perspectives, we will arrive at a deeper understanding of ourselves as individuals and human beings as a whole. This understanding might help us lead a more satisfying and meaningful life.
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