persuasiveoutline - Yanting Wang Persuasive Speech Comm...

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Yanting Wang October 27, 2010 Persuasive Speech Comm 2010 Title: Debunking the Slippery Slope of Gene Therapy General Topic: Gene Therapy and Gene Enhancement Specific Topic: One of the main arguments against gene therapy is the argument that it will lead ultimately to the practice of gene enhancement and eugenics. However, the basis of the argument relies on the grounds that genetic enhancement is wrong. Looking further into the matter and analyzing it, we can see that perhaps genetic enhancement isn’t as scary as it seems. Purpose: To debunk the slippery-slope argument against gene therapy by showing that gene enhancement is not as unethical as it seems by refuting the various arguments, such as inequality, injustice, and loss of autonomy, proposed by opponents. Tactic: Refutation Main Ideas: I. Refute idea that genetic enhancement creates inequalities II. Refute the idea that gene enhancement would create grave social injustice III. Refute idea that gene enhancement will harm future generations. Central Idea: Genetic enhancement is rather ethical in much sense. Genetic enhancement does not violate the principles of justice, throw of the balance of natural inequality, or usurp individual autonomy of future generations, and on the contrary, can actually provide important benefits to society. Introduction: The increase in the fundamental knowledge of human health and the mechanism of disease today has been extraordinary. One of the major forthcoming advances in biomedicine is in the area of human gene therapy, the insertion of normal or modified genes into somatic cells of human subjects to correct genetic or acquired disorders. One of the most influential arguments against the wide use of human germ-line gene therapy is that this new technology will eventually lead towards genetic enhancement. Major opponents of gene therapy claim that gene therapy’s naive beginning as a mere attempt to eradicate genetic diseases will eventually lead to alteration of humans for so called “improvement”. The lingering memory of eugenics programs of the Nazi’s as well as the horrifying scenarios shown in media such as “Gattaca” or “Brave New World” deter many from even considering gene therapy as a solution to many medical issues today. The underlying issue that these arguments is based at is the generalization that what’s at the end of the road is ultimately bad, immoral, unjust. But is genetic enhancement all that wrong, all that unjust and immoral? As a student who has taken many courses on biomedical ethics (
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2011 for the course COMM 2010 at Cornell.

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persuasiveoutline - Yanting Wang Persuasive Speech Comm...

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