9/22/2010 History 123 NotesThe Scientific RevolutionWHAT WAS THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION?The scientific revolution changed how intellectuals investigated thenatural world.There was no agreed time frame upon which this revolution began andstarted but there is a broad time range starting in the mid 16thcenturyand ending sometime in the early 18thcentury. The main contributorswere countries from western and central Europe.BEFORE THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION:In the late 15thand early 16thcentury scientists went back andrediscovered Ancient Greek and Roman ideas, some which were mainlydead in the European culture but were preserved and improved uponby the Arabs.Europeans rediscovered their scientific heritage and gave all theinformation equal validity and decided to move forward with the ideasand make their own progress and improvement after they relearnedwhat their ancestors discovered.They formulated new questions to find out what was true and false ofthe past discoveries and to understand the findings.METHODS OF INQUIRY:In the 1620s and 1630s two new methods of inquiry had come to light:o1. Inductive Reasoning (specific ideasgeneral conclusions):Francis Bacon believed that all (or most of) the knowledge of theuniverse was flawed and we have preconceived notions and
prejudices and we need to overcome these by examining small partsof nature in a controlled environment to pull it away from allprejudice. (this was looked down upon for fear of taking nature outof “nature” and therefore possibly changing the outcome of theobservance)oThey would soon figure out that scholars could control knowledgeand determine what could be studied and what could be learnedfrom studying objects.oInductive reasoning was built upon politics and power. Knowingnature was a form of power.