9-22-10 History Notes

9-22-10 History Notes - History 123 Notes The Scientific...

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Unformatted text preview: 9/22/2010 History 123 Notes The Scientific Revolution WHAT WAS THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION? The scientific revolution changed how intellectuals investigated the natural world. There was no agreed time frame upon which this revolution began and started but there is a broad time range starting in the mid 16 th century and ending sometime in the early 18 th century. The main contributors were countries from western and central Europe. BEFORE THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION: In the late 15 th and early 16 th century scientists went back and rediscovered Ancient Greek and Roman ideas, some which were mainly dead in the European culture but were preserved and improved upon by the Arabs. Europeans rediscovered their scientific heritage and gave all the information equal validity and decided to move forward with the ideas and make their own progress and improvement after they relearned what their ancestors discovered. They formulated new questions to find out what was t rue and false of the past discoveries and to understand the findings. METHODS OF INQUIRY: In the 1620s and 1630s two new methods of inquiry had come to light: o 1. Inductive Reasoning (specific ideas general conclusions): Francis Bacon believed that all (or most of) the knowledge of the universe was flawed and we have preconceived notions and prejudices and we need to overcome these by examining small parts of nature in a cont rolled environment to pull it away from all prejudice. (this was looked down upon for fear of taking nature out of “nature” and therefore possibly changing the outcome of the observance) o They would soon figure out that scholars could cont rol knowledge and determ ine what could be studied and what could be learned from studying objects. o Induct ive reasoning was built upon polit ics and power. Knowing nature was a form of power....
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9-22-10 History Notes - History 123 Notes The Scientific...

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