10-19-10 History Notes

10-19-10 History Notes - 10/19/2010 History 123 Notes...

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10/19/2010 History 123 Notes Imperialism in Africa Imperialism was another round of European expansion. European countries had already lost their new world colonies and in the 19 th and 20 th century they started their imperialism in Africa. There were many imperialistic powers that would secure colonies in Africa: o Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Russia, US and Japan There were 3 main reasons for the spread of imperialism: 1. Industrialization: Technology was created that made imperialism possible. Technologically speaking: Africa and Asia were open to conquest because their weapons and industrialization was so far behind the rest of Europe and America. 2. Economics The industries relied on raw materials like oil, coal, rubber, etc and they wanted to control the land with these natural resources so they could control where they went. 3. Nationalism One nation has colonies which makes other countries want colonies as well. To remain a great power, you must follow the lead of another in order to keep up in power. Settlements were only established along the coast of Africa. This allowed for a good relationship between the African natives and allowed for the trade of goods from farther into the continent to be exported such as gold, slaves, etc. Europeans were happy with this relationship and thought there was nothing of value that would interest them in Africa that wasn’t already along the coast. Their indifference and ignorance began to change. They soon developed a different outlook on several policies:
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o 1. Humanitarianism: In the 19 th century, Europeans abolished slavery and there was an increase of anti-slavery movements. They also became interested in the people of Africa and their cultures and beliefs. o
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10-19-10 History Notes - 10/19/2010 History 123 Notes...

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