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10-20-10 History Notes - History 123 Notes Imperialism in...

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10/20/2010 History 123 Notes Imperialism in Asia BRITISH IMPERIALISM The British imperialism revolved around India and the British were involved in the area for centuries. This is where the East India Trading Company was stationed. In 1600, the trading company was poor when it was set up and by the mid 19 th century it had taken control of the country and was a rich and prosperous company. In the mid 19 th century they made some mistakes and had mutiny from the Indians. The EIC lost its charter and the British took over India directly. The mutiny problem left a legacy of distrust. No matter how well the Indians accepted British culture there was still distrust between the two countries, both ways. The British believed they were superior to the Indians and sent viceroys to oversee the colony. Frederick Samuel Ripon became a viceroy in 1880 and was the most popular because he sought to reestablish relations with the native people. He tried to introduce new reforms but met resistance: o 1. He introduced English language newspapers and Indian language newspapers. British officials were not happy with this reform and censored the Indian language newspapers. The issue of censoring was sent to London and they ruled in favor of the censoring. o 2. Law Ripon wanted British and Indian law to coexist. There was a dispute because British rule should be “only” rule and was ruled against Ripon’s new reform. o 3. Right to bear arms
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British citizens were allowed to bear arms and Ripon felt that the Indians should be allowed to have this right as well. British rule overruled Ripon and claimed that British were the only ones with this right. George Nathaniel Curzon became a viceroy in 1899 and was the most brilliant, well informed and hard working but least popular viceroy.
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