11-1-10 History Notes

11-1-10 History Notes - 11/1/2010 History 123 Notes Fascism...

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11/1/2010 History 123 Notes Fascism and National Socialism There are key characteristics that define any fascism government: 1. Formation of a national community o People bound together by a common element either ethically or racially. 2. Purpose to solve problems in society 3. Primacy of the State o The state is the center of the nations life o Individuals subordinate themselves to the needs of the state, which are above all else. 4. Fascism needs the devotion of a strong, charismatic leader. o Undisputable authority o Emphasis on militarism o Public life lined around military lines o Have big, expensive and flashy militaries There were fascist movements in Britain, US, Japan, South Africa and Brazil but only in Italy and Germany did it come to power. ITALY Italy had a lot of problems after WWI. The workers and peasants were discontented with the government and quality of life. When Italy joined the Allied powers in WWI, they believed they would gain a lot at the end of the war, but in the end, received very little. There were also economic problems as well. The Italian government couldn’t come up with any solutions and there was no strong leadership to unite the Italian people or government.
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Political parties began to form as a result and started to come up with ideas as solutions to the problems in Italy. The Fascist party was led by Benito Mussolini. Mussolini came from a poor background and called himself “Man of the people”. At first he was very against WWI and Italy’s participation (at the time he was a socialist). When he read about Marx’s War Catalyst of Revolution he became pro-war and even ended up fighting for Italy in WWI. At the end of WWI, he saw that problems started to plague Italy. Mussolini suggested a dictator to solve the problems and that he himself was the right man for the job. As a result, Mussolini formed the fascist party. He gained support by rallying and speaking at events. He captured people by his “imaginative” speaking skills. He gained support and a following.
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2011 for the course HIST 123 taught by Professor Carney during the Fall '10 term at Ohio University- Athens.

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11-1-10 History Notes - 11/1/2010 History 123 Notes Fascism...

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