{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

11-1-10 History Notes - History 123 Notes Fascism and...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
11/1/2010 History 123 Notes Fascism and National Socialism There are key characteristics that define any fascism government: 1. Formation of a national community o People bound together by a common element either ethically or racially. 2. Purpose to solve problems in society 3. Primacy of the State o The state is the center of the nations life o Individuals subordinate themselves to the needs of the state, which are above all else. 4. Fascism needs the devotion of a strong, charismatic leader. o Undisputable authority o Emphasis on militarism o Public life lined around military lines o Have big, expensive and flashy militaries There were fascist movements in Britain, US, Japan, South Africa and Brazil but only in Italy and Germany did it come to power. ITALY Italy had a lot of problems after WWI. The workers and peasants were discontented with the government and quality of life. When Italy joined the Allied powers in WWI, they believed they would gain a lot at the end of the war, but in the end, received very little. There were also economic problems as well. The Italian government couldn’t come up with any solutions and there was no strong leadership to unite the Italian people or government.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Political parties began to form as a result and started to come up with ideas as solutions to the problems in Italy. The Fascist party was led by Benito Mussolini. Mussolini came from a poor background and called himself “Man of the people”. At first he was very against WWI and Italy’s participation (at the time he was a socialist). When he read about Marx’s War Catalyst of Revolution he became pro-war and even ended up fighting for Italy in WWI. At the end of WWI, he saw that problems started to plague Italy. Mussolini suggested a dictator to solve the problems and that he himself was the right man for the job. As a result, Mussolini formed the fascist party. He gained support by rallying and speaking at events. He captured people by his “imaginative” speaking skills.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern