11-3-10 History Notes - History 123 Notes Decolonization...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
11/3/2010 History 123 Notes Decolonization INDIA As the countries around India gained their independence it was called decolonization. At the turn of the 20 th century the British empire was strong. Nationalism was also on the rise in all countries and colonies. Not just nationalism was on the rise though, many colonies favored the British democracy and people wanted to see independence in India and model their government after Great Britain. During WWI, while Britain was at war, India was also at war. India could have taken Britain’s distraction to their advantage but they stayed loyal and supported the British. The people of India believed that if they stayed loyal and supported Britain they would be rewarded their independence after WWI was over. Instead the Rowlatt Act 1918 was established as an attempt for the British to control India: There were 4 parts to the Rowlatt Act: o 1. Censor all Indian press and writing. o 2. Declared Assembly of 3 or more Indians was illegal. o 3. Suspects could be incarcerated indefinitely without trial. o 4. Certain court cases could be tried without a jury. There were exceptions of people who weren’t enforcing the Rowlatt Act, one in specific, Reginald Dyer who was a colonial official. In April of 1919, thousands of men, women and children met to PEACEFULLY protest the Rowlatt Act in Amritsar. They gathered in a small park and when Dyer found out he brought troops and without giving a warning, ordered the troops to open fire.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
In the 10 minutes of shooting: 1650 rounds of live ammunition were fired into the crowd, 400 people were murdered and 12 were injured. A required dusk to dawn curfew was enforced and the devastation as a result of the shootings was not discovered until the curfew was lifted. This event is known as the Amritsar Massacre. No Indian newspapers could report on the massacre and the British papers did not report the incident either. This divided India into two, Pre-Amritsar and Post-Amritsar. The United States reported on the incident and was more sympathetic to the Indians.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern