11-10-10 History Notes

11-10-10 History Notes - 11/10/2010 History 123 Notes The...

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11/10/2010 History 123 Notes The Collapse of the Soviet Union The Soviet Union faced many problems and reforms were issued to try and fix them: 1 st Reform: Initiate the policy of Glasnost Glasnost means openness. Glasnost granted the openness to compliment/criticize people/objects in print or speech, basically giving them the freedom of speech. It was greatly acclaimed and people really liked the idea of being able to have their own voice and opinion. Domestically the plan backfired. Gorbachev thought that openness would help communism but instead it allowed people to voice their own opinion instead of having just one opinion-the communist/Soviet opinion. 2 nd Reform: Perestroika Perestroika means restructuring. By restructuring the economy, Gorbachev wanted to try and fight the stagnation and increase labor productivity, modernize the country and double the national income. Political reforms included a secret battle of elections o There were multi-candidate contests which didn’t occur in communism and this led to multi-parties. Gorbachev tried to induce reforms to help communism survive and grow. 3 rd Reform: Military He wanted to cut down on military spending. The Soviet Union had invaded Afghanistan in 1979 and decided to withdraw troops in the 1980s (this was the last proxy war of the Cold War). 4 th Reform: Address Nuclear Arsenal
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Gorbachev and Reagan agreed to destroy nuclear tipped missiles and to come to better terms with one another (nuclear weapons cost money to keep them stable and from blowing up). 5 th Reform: The Party and the State: He thought they needed reformed. In the past, one person led both the communist party and the state. He believed that the party and the state should be distinct from each other and have separate leaders. This caused the communist party to not be the only party in the USSR and ended the absolute supremacy of the communist party, even though it was still the most important. This initiated a chain reaction. There was a strong reaction to these reforms in Eastern Europe where the USSR had control/influence. Eastern European countries were paying attention to the actions of the USSR and
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2011 for the course HIST 123 taught by Professor Carney during the Fall '10 term at Ohio University- Athens.

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11-10-10 History Notes - 11/10/2010 History 123 Notes The...

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