Ecology Test 1 Review - Ecology Test 1 Review Chapter 1...

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Ecology Test 1 Review Chapter 1 1.What is Ecology? The Science Study of interactions between organisms (animals, plants and microbes) and their environment. 2. A synthetic definition of ecology? Ecology is: the science study that works to – characterize the patterns seen in nature - study interactions among organisms and their environment - Understand mechanisms involved in biological diversity 3. Which of the following statement about the term ecology is true? Ecology involves the scientific study of interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms 4. Ecologist address question that are broad in scope? -Descriptive, - Functional, - Evolutionary 5. Scale – Spartial or temporal dimension at which data are collected 6. Level of organization in ecology from lowest to highest? - Individual, population, community, ecosystem, biosphere 7. What are the Steps of Scientific methods? 1. Observation 2. Ask Question 3. Make a prediction (Hypotheses) 4. Test the Hypothesis 5. Observed Result 6. Conclusion 8. What is an ecologist? Scientist who studies patters, interactions and mechanism of nature 9. Environmental science? Natural Science + Social science Solution to environmental problems 10. Environmentalist (activist) Political 11. A group of individuals of a single species living in a particular area and that interact with one another is called? Population
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14. Differences between control group and experimental group? Control group not being treated in a laboratory, while experimental group have being treated. 15. Descriptive Science/ Natural History - Descriptions based on verifiable observations and measurements - Finding new patterns or correlations - Essential for formulating hypotheses and verifying theoretical models. - Surveys, Censuses, Monitoring Example: High incidence of deformities in amphibians Declining populations of amphibians worldwide 16. Experimental Design: 1. Control – the group that is not treated 2. Replicate – perform each treatment more than once 3. Assign treatment at random 4. Statistical analysis 17. Why do ecologists studying seed production assign plots of land to either the control group or treatment group at random? It makes it less likely that plots that receive a particular treatment share other characteristics that might influence seed production 18. The two hosts most most responsible for the spread West Nile virus to most of the states in the U.S. were __________ and __________. Mosquitoes and birds 19. Which of the following best explain the cause of amphibian decline? Both climate change and habitat loss 20. An association of populations of different species living in the same area is called ? Community 21. Which of the following statement about the relationship between consumers and producers is true? Consumer obtain energy by eating other organisms, whereas producers use energy
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Ecology Test 1 Review - Ecology Test 1 Review Chapter 1...

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