22 - Biology: Concepts and Connections, 6e (Campbell)...

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Unformatted text preview: Biology: Concepts and Connections, 6e (Campbell) Chapter 22 1 Gas Exchange Multiple- Choice Questions 4) A waste product of respiration is A) water. B) electrons. C) hydrogen peroxide. D) carbon dioxide. E) glucose. Answer: D Topic: 22.1 Skill: Factual Recall 5) When you exhale, you A) release oxygen and carbon dioxide. B) exchange CO 2 for O 2 . C) take up oxygen and release carbon dioxide to the blood. D) take up carbon dioxide and release oxygen. E) remove CO 2 from the body. Answer: E Topic: 22.1 Skill: Conceptual Understanding 6) In the final phase of respiration, body cells A) release CO 2 to red blood cells. B) take up O 2 from red blood cells. C) increase in size to accommodate the reuptake of O 2 . D) migrate to the circulatory system. E) release CO 2 and take up O 2 . Answer: E Topic: 22.1 Skill: Conceptual Understanding 7) The body structure where gas exchange occurs is called the A) integumentary surface. B) respiratory surface. C) capillary surface. D) exchange network. E) capillary network. Answer: B Topic: 22.2 Skill: Factual Recall 8) Animals that effectively use their body surface for gas exchange must A) be terrestrial. B) have a high ratio of body surface area to volume. C) have a low ratio of body surface area to volume. D) be aquatic and nearly spherical. E) have a special kind of hemoglobin. Answer: B Topic: 22.2 Skill: Conceptual Understanding 9) Which of the following organisms has a respiratory system that does not require a circulatory system? A) grasshopper B) mouse C) earthworm D) carp E) crayfish Answer: A Topic: 22.2 Skill: Conceptual Understanding 10) Which of the following is likely to have the lowest concentration of O 2 ? A) warm salt water B) cool salt water C) warm fresh water D) cool fresh water E) air Answer: A Topic: 22.3 Skill: Conceptual Understanding 11) The organization of blood and water flow in a fish's gills increases the fish's ability to A) extract oxygen from the water. B) extract carbon dioxide from the water. C) detect toxic materials in the water. D) transport blood throughout the fish's body. E) regulate fluid excretion from the body. Answer: A Topic: 22.3 Skill: Conceptual Understanding 12) Which of the following statements about fish gills is true ? A) They have a surface area that is much greater than the body surface. B) They aid in reproduction. C) Because of their efficiency, they only need a small surface area. D) They have a poor blood supply. E) Like lungs, they have an exhale/inhale function. Answer: A Topic: 22.3 Skill: Conceptual Understanding 13)...
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22 - Biology: Concepts and Connections, 6e (Campbell)...

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