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Article 8 - actually know how eg typing a password when you...

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Article 8: Mindfulness-Langer -all about mindlessness. Mindlessness: 3 types 1) trap by categories (old, young, male, female) constructs are no the absolute truth. what it means to be male or female 2) automatic behavior eg. bumping into mannequin.. and saying excuse me. experiment: ask if people can use the Xerox machine -even when there is a reason, and the reason does not make sense. Automatic behavior is that the person being asked will be more likely to allow the person to use it. 3) acting from a single perspective eg. following a recipe -example: borrowing a tissue, “Kleenix” as tissue. Roots of mindlessness: 1) repetition when we assume we can do something, but because we did it so much, we don’t
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Unformatted text preview: actually know how. eg. typing a password, when you think about it, you might not actually knw. 2) premature cognitive commitments (mere exposure effect) 3) belief that resources are limited: eg. believing that the 4 minute mile is impossible. Taking it for granted. When it is not the case 4) Education for outcome: entity. Scores rather than learning (outcome orientation) 5) Power of context. Eg. sad at funeral. Cost of mindlessness: -single minded narrow self image -loss of control-learned helplessness-stunted potential (being inflexible. Cognitive repetition. Some actions can be mindless. Therefore no growth in self-improvement)...
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