Chapter 16 notes

Chapter 16 notes - Chapter 16 notes Psychology: The...

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Chapter 16 notes Psychology: The personality system: intergrating the levels: What has to be intergrated? Contributions from each level: Trait dispositional level: two types of consisitency: 1) broad traits- the overall average differences in types of behaviors/cross situational consistency eg. big five -the consistency between all situations with a trait was much less than expectd 2) if . .then…situation-behavior signature of personality: -revels that if. .then. .stable and distinctive patterns do exist and are informative of the nature of personality and its expressions (mischel) Biological level : -explores the importance of the individual’s genetic and biological characteristics of personality system as well as evolutionary history of the human species the psychodynamic level: - people have motives and feelings that are threatening to them, thus there are defenses that develop to reduce anxiety. - Freud believed that sexual and aggressive impulses are at least partially outside of awareness. - ego psychologist/neo Freudians believed that the person is an active agent and architect of own future. - post Freudians (Erik Erikson), recognized the developmental challenges crisis and changes occur over the entire life span. - ego development, cognitive process, attachment, interpersonal relaitonshps and construction of self. Behavioral-conditioning level: Discoveries about how simple processes of learning and conditioning can make scientific sense of such phenomena as irrational fears and impulsive emotional reactions Phenomenological-humanistic level: Shows the behavioral and emotional effects of situations depending on how individuals subjectively perceive and construe them. -gave center stage to the experience of the self as one that knows itself and as an active agent to influence the life course. Social-cognitive level - combines features of multiple levels of analysis to explain the individual differences in personality and examines the role of social learning. - shows how humans learn through observations, hearing and reading without making external responses or receiving external rewards. 1
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- shows findings on works from levels such as self, personal constructs, expectancies, values and goals. - how people can self regulate and modify the impact of situations on own behavior in light of long-term goals and values. - how schemas influence the way we interpret situations, other people and ourself, the inferences and decisions we make, events we remember and the social behaviors we enact in relation to social world. Towards integration: characteristic of the personality system Application of neural network information processing models to personality: - network information processing model - focuses not just how particular quality (sellf efficacy expectations) or schemas are related but how they form a system that functions as a organized network structure. The nodes in the network are constructs and the relationships or connections are represented as links. - there are excitatory-activating links and inhibitory-deactivating links.
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2011 for the course PSYCH V89.0030 taught by Professor Andersen,s during the Spring '10 term at NYU.

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Chapter 16 notes - Chapter 16 notes Psychology: The...

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