Chapter 8(195-end)notes

Chapter 8(195-end)notes - Chapter 8(195-end Psychodynamic...

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Chapter 8 (195-end) Psychodynamic processes: anxiety and the unconscious -Freud originally saw anxiety as the emotional fear triggered when unacceptable impulses begin to push themselves into consciousness. -3 elements found by Mahr: 1) a conscious feeling of fear and danger without the ability to identify immediate objective threats that could account for these feelings. 2) a pattern of physiological arousal and bodily distress that may include miscellaneous physical changes and complaints. Eg cardiosvaular symptoms, repertory complains, gastrointestinal symptoms. If anxiety persists the physical reactions may have chronic effects. 3) a disruption or disorganization of effective problem solving and cognitive (mental) control. Eg difficulty in thinking clearly and coping effectively -outstanding characteristic of human beings, emphasized it that we can create great anxiety in ourselves even when we are not in immediate external danger. -defense mechanisms are attempts to cope mentally (cognitively) with internal anxiety arousing cues. These efforts are at least partly unconscious (occurring with the person’s awareness0 the psychoanalytic concept of unconscious repression: the nature and mechanisms of unconscious repression remain controversial, nevertheless, there is compelling evidence that unconscious processes and events influence us -calling efforts to avoid painful thoughts “cognitive avoidance” repression versus suppression: repression: defense mechanism linked to Freudian idea of unconscious mind. A function of the unconscious mind is to screen and monitor memories and inputs to the senses. Thus, the unconscious serves to inhibit the breakthrough of anxiety arousing stimuli from the unconscious mind to the conscious. Automatic guards against anxiety. Serves as a safety mechanism. Eg slips of the tongue, jokes, dreams, free associations. -like suppression in a way, but suppression is when one voluntarily and consciously withholds a response. . studying repression:
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Chapter 8(195-end)notes - Chapter 8(195-end Psychodynamic...

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