Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 Self-regulation from goal pursuit...

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Chapter 17: Self-regulation from goal pursuit to goal attainment -marshmallow test. Those who were able to wait longer tended to get a higher SAT score and better social and cognitive life outcomes in adulthood. Those who rang the bell sooner on average got worst parents and teacher evaluations I adolescence and tends to have more drug and interpersonal problems Overview of contributions to self regulation form each level: Trait dispositional level: showed that people differ greatly in self-regulatory behaviors. - the Greeks called deficiency in will akrasia - these broad individual differences are described and measured in the conscientioussness in the big five model. -individual differences in self-regulation include stable if. . then. . signatures. -dimensional constructs Psychodynamic-motivational level: Freud showed the importance of self-defeating distortions and irrationality in one’s own behavior and to attain mature rational control mechanisms. - reflection of internal conflicts between the id, ego and superego Biological level : using modern studies of the brain, revealing areas such a “hot” impulsive automatic reactions (strong appetitive urges, fear and aggression). Hot brain areas are deep under the prefrontal cortex, and are basis to emotional reactions. They interact with higher level; brain centers that allow humans to inhibit automatic responses in favor of more future oriented, cognitive and reflective problem solving and regulation -looks at psychological correlates of self-regulation Behavioral conditioning level: demonstrated the power of stimulus control. -manipulation of their social and interpersonal behavior. - how stimuli and situations affect self-regulatory abilities Phenomenological humanistic level : you can construe and think about situations that greatly influence what they do to you and what you want them to do. “perception is subjective” social cognitive level: bridging the gap between construal and action. Shows how the person’s construal of the situation interacts with other mental representations (expectations, beliefs and goals) to influence goal directed effortful behavior. Self-regulatory processes in goal pursuit: Life tasks: defined as projects to which individual commit themselves during particular periods of their lives. Giving one meaning and provides organization and direction for more specific activities of goal pursuit. Goal hierarchies: Super ordinate goals are more important than subordinate goals. Eg. the goal to be safe and secure is a higher-level goal than finding a partner I can trust.
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-when pursuit of goal at a given level is block and frustrated, people will strive toward the higher-level goal in which the lower level activity was directed. Standards and self-evaluation
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2011 for the course PSYCH V89.0030 taught by Professor Andersen,s during the Spring '10 term at NYU.

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Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 Self-regulation from goal pursuit...

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