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Unformatted text preview: Reading number 4: Toward Understanding the relationship between feeling states and Social Behavior Clark and Isen Negative and positive feeling states influence what people think about and the judgments they make, and thus have important effects on social behavior. -prposed that the impact of feeling states on perception and social behavior can best be understood as functions of the cognitive processes through which people organize and utilize knowledge of the world.. and thus make judgments and choices of actions in both social and non social contexts. The nature of feeling states: The term “feeling states” is distinguished form the term “emotion”. -feeling states or moods are induced by pleasant or unpleased experience such as pleasing music, noise, a beautiful scene: from something postive or negative happening to a person or recalled of postive or negative experiences from memory-Levnthal suggess that feelings of pleasant and unpleasant may be basic perceptual reactions produced when innate perceptual mechanisms specific to to emotion producing features of display are stimulated. -Ryle: feeling states are pervasive, not directed toward any particular subject and cannot be identified with any specific set of behaviors. One thought associated with negtive feeling can lead to similarily toned thoughts on many different topics. - the cause of a persons feeling state does not necessarily become the target of the behavior affected by it. A given feeling state may affect a great variety of judgments and behaviors. -feelings have neither specfic behavior impulses nor specific targets associated with them the behavior affected by the feeling state is likely to be determined by what the environment a person’s attention is directed to AFTER the feeling state. -Brady: the impact of feeling states on behavior is not immediately obvious, thus some people may believe that affect has little influence on interatction/behavior. <do not have notable effects on people or objects in the environment..unlike emotions> -Simon, emotions are powerful experiences that may interrupt behavior and are more dramatic and attention getting. (emotions are tied to specific behavior, thu can dirupt ongoing behavior…behavior directed toward a different goal) -While affective states (low-level) are so often with us that their potential influence may be very great and deserves studying. Summary of feeling states: general, pervasive, no inherent target, usually do not interrupt ongoing behavior, relatively transitory offcur frequently (normal course of everyday life), consists of thinking abot postive or negative material and having easy access to substantial amount o additional compatible material in memory....
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2011 for the course PSYCH V89.0030 taught by Professor Andersen,s during the Spring '10 term at NYU.
- Spring '10