psychologynotes-Phenomenological -...

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Phenomenological-Humanistic and Existential Level: Part 1: Phenomenological Humanistic Conceptions Sources of Phenomenological humanistic perspective: the phenomenological theories focus on immediate perceived experience and concepts of individuals and on their strivings towards growth and self actualization Humanistic Psychology: devoted to studying the individual as a whole person rather than just sub-process (learning, perceiving). Humans have fundamental needs, you may be so busy with doing things that society wants from you that you may lose touch with what is happening inside of you. can lead to states of despair. Phenomenology: study of consciousness and appearances of things and events as individuals perceives and experiences them. Defining reality in terms of individual (experience of reality is all I know) Existentialism : (overlap of humanistic and phenomenology) central view point: human beings are completely free and responsible for their own behavior. Responsibility is the root of the deep dread and anxiety that characterizes humans. -Humans have a tendency to build meaning and understand their relation with people + cosmos. Meaning construction process may lead us to become delusional of what is really around us. Allport’s Functional Autonomy: Functional Autonomy : indicates that ones current motives has no relation and are autonomous to their past motives. Contemporaneity of motives : motives are to be understood in the terms of their present regardless of their origins in the past. - he believed that individuals are intergrated biosocial organisms rather than a bundle of traits and motives. Lewin’s Life Space: - Stresses the immediate relationship between the person and the psychological environment life space it the totality of facts that determine the behavior of an individual at a certain moment. And the life space includes person and the psychological environment. Permeable boundaries is the physical world between the person the person and the psychological environment that can be easily crossed. Principle of contempraneity : include situations that contain a history that is systematically created throughout hours or weeks. Lewin rejected the notion of constant entity personality traits, he believed that as a result of dynamic forces, psychological reality is always changing.
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By altering a clients life space (perceptions about self, other people and events), behavior can be altered. Rollo May Self actualization: behavior is goal directed, striving, purposeful and motivated by wanting to self actualize human potential rather than just primary biological drives (sexual and aggressive instincts) The existentialist view is that we are a. a choosing agent : unable to avoid choices throughout the course of life (what you allow and don’t allow into your consciousness is a choice) b. a free agent: who freely sets life goals c. a responsible agent: accountable for his or her choices. His general point is that there are 3 dilemmas
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2011 for the course PSYCH V89.0030 taught by Professor Andersen,s during the Spring '10 term at NYU.

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psychologynotes-Phenomenological -...

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