Social Psychology-chapter 1 notes

Social Psychology-chapter 1 notes - Social Psychology...

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Social Psychology Chapter 1 Social psychology : the scientific study of feelings, thoughts and behaviors of individuals on social situations - explaining behavior through situations. Eg. zimbardo prison experiment in which the situation changes ones personality -Social psychologist study how people respond to influence. How people decide who and what to believe and how they make inferences about the motives, personalities and abilities of other people. And how they reach conclusions about the cause of events. Comparing social psychology to other fields: Personality psychology focuses on how individual different influence ones thoughts feelings and behaviors Sociology focuses on behavior of communities and groups. Studies a person in the aggregate. Proximal influences on behavior : situation itself, how indivudla ercieves the situation Distal influences: evolution and culture The power of the situation : Kurt lewin ’s concept of field of forces stressed the importance of the field of forces including the social situation in affecting a person’s behavior. Eg. Milgrim’s experiment set up a study in which participants believed they were taking a learned (confederate) and punishing him with shocks when he gave the wrong answer. Results: 62.5% if the participants went to 450 volts. Average was 360 volts after the confederate ;et a scream and became hysterical. Milgrim stressed that the step by step nature of procesure was crucuial. If they didn’t quit at 255, why quit at 300. Channel factors : Certain situational circumstances that appear unimportant on the surface but that can have great consequences for behavior, either facilitating or blocking it or guiding behavior in a particular situation. Eg. By leventhal: when telling yale seniors to get a tenatus shot, by circling the health center on the map increased it to 28% from 3%. Dispotions : internal factors such as beliefs, values, personality trailts or abilities that guide a person’s behavior. The fundamental attribution error (lee ross): the failure to recognize the importance of situational influences on behavor, together with the tendency to overemphasize the importance of dipositions or traits
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on behavior. Eg. obedience study (how we think that we wont be in the same situation) and in the samartian study. Role of construal : Construal: interpretation and inference about the stimuli or situations we confront. (often automatic and unconscious) how we regard someone affects our perceptions about them. - the interperations is an active process -they are subjective not objective -may misrepresent the truth - some interpretations are widely shared - social contructios could be a shared reality in which include the bases of the monetary system, legal system and political system. Gesalt psychology:
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Social Psychology-chapter 1 notes - Social Psychology...

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