Reading number 12summaryyy

Reading number 12summaryyy - Reading on depression Reading...

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Reading on depression Reading number 12: Hollon and garber A cognitive expectancy theory of therapy for helplessness and depression A cognitive expectancy theory of process of change in clinical depression. -A recent article by akikal and McKinney suggested a “final common pathway” in depression. Sufficient to initiate a causal chain of events leading to common biological process. This biological process produces full syndrome of clinical depression, once triggered takes a life of its own. -Negative expectations for the near and distant future play the central role. Antecedents of full depressive syndrome. Effective interventions are those that teach compensatory cognitive behavioral strategies. Focusing on expectations and end processed in the reformulated helplessness theory, rather than attributions. A cognitive expectancy theory : Cognitive approaches to treatment of depression have a common emphasis on changing the depressed individuals belief and ways of processing information and suggest a variety of technique for altering depressive symptoms. Basic model by Hollon and Kendall: Presents a functional analysis of interrelationships between antecedent stimulus events, organismic variables including cognitions and affective and autonomic reactions, voluntary motoric behaviors and consequence environmental events. In all cognitive theories, cognitions are seen as a) mediating behavioral responses toe vents b) Directly determining the nature and intensity of affective reactions. Figure 7.2, presenting the major classes of cognitions central to depressive processes: perceptions, attributions, beliefs, values and expectations. Attributions of causality refers to events that have already occurred, expectations refer to subjective probabilities held regarding events in the near and distant future. (end point of the causal chain. Expectations are seen as most directly impacting key affective and behavioral processes. A taxonomy of cognitive processes: 1) Perceptions: First cognitive feature: perception of the stimulus event. Includes identifying, discriminating, recognizing and judging objects and events by means of sensory information. Even in the absence of a specific objective event, subjective perception of its occurrence may influence subsequent responses. 1
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Reading on depression Cognitive distortions identified by Beck : (as occurring in depressives and distortion in perception. Arbitrary inference: process of drawing a conclusion that is contrary to the objective evidence in a situation. Selective abstraction: drawing of an inference based on only part of the available information in a situation Magnification: tendency to exaggerate the importance of an event Minimization: tendency to underestimate the important of positive events All or nothing thinking: tendency to perceive situations in absolute terms 2) Attributions: Attributions made for events They are simply the causes one assigns to an event. An attribution made can differentially influence subsequent cognitions affects and
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2011 for the course PSYCH V89.0030 taught by Professor Andersen,s during the Spring '10 term at NYU.

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Reading number 12summaryyy - Reading on depression Reading...

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