history of england_david hume

These points are clearly proved by dr brady there is

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Unformatted text preview: . 1. tit. p. 18. Spelm. Gloss. in verb. PLL v5 (generated January 22, 2010) 382 http://oll.libertyfund.org/title/695 Online Library of Liberty: The History of England, vol. 1 [w]Cambd. in Chesh. Spel. Gloss. in verb. Comes Palatinut. [x]Brady’s Hist. p. 198, 200. [y]Order. Vital. [z]Dugdale’s Baronage, from Domesday-book, vol. i. p. 60, 74, iii, 112, 132, 136, 138, 156, 174, 200, 207, 223, 254, 257, 269. [a]Ibid. p. 369. It is remarkable that this family of d’Arcy, seems to be the only male descendants of any of the Conqueror’s barons now remaining among the peers. Lord Holdernesse is the heir of that family. [b]Spel. Gloss. in verb. Domesday. [c]Dug. Bar. vol. i. p. 79. Ibid. Origines Juridicales, p. 13. [d]Spel. Gloss. in verb. Baro. [e]Four hydes made one knight’s fee: The relief of a barony was twelve times greater than that of a knight’s fee; whence we may conjecture its usual value. Spelm. Gloss. in verb. Feodum. There were 243,600 hydes in England, and 60,215 knights fees; whence it is evident that there were a little more than four hydes in each knight’s fee. [f]Spelm. Gloss. in verb. Baro. [g]Liber homo anciently signified a gentleman: For scarce any one beside was entirely free. Spelm. Gloss. in verbo. [h]Du Cange’s Gloss. in verb. commune, communitas. [i]Guibertus, de vita sua, lib. 3. cap. 7. [k]Stat. of Merton, 1235. cap. 6. [l]Holingshed, vol. iii. p. 15. [m]Madox’s Baron. Angl. p. 19. [n]Norman. Du Chesnii, p. 1066. Du Cange Gloss. in verb. commune. [o]Sometimes the historians mention the people, populus, as a part of the parliament: But they always mean the laity, in opposition to the clergy. Sometimes, the word, communitas, is found; but it always means communitas baronagii. These points are clearly proved by Dr. Brady. There is also mention sometimes made of a crowd or multitude that thronged into the great council on particular interesting occasions; but as deputies from boroughs are never once spoke of, the proof, that they had not then any existence, becomes the most certain and undeniable. These never could make a crowd, as they must have had a regular place assigned them, if they had made a PLL v5 (generated January 22, 2010) 383 http://oll.libertyfund.org/title/695 Online Library of Liberty: The History of England, vol. 1 regular part of the legislative body. There were only 130 boroughs who received writs of summons from Edward I. It is expressly said in Gesta Reg. Steph. p. 932, that it was usual for the populace, vulgus, to crowd into the great councils; where they were plainly mere spectators, and could only gratify their curiosity. [p]Dugd. Orig. Jurid. p. 15. Spelm. Gloss. in verbo parliamentum. [q]Ang. Sacra, vol. i. p. 334, &c. Dugd. Orig. Jurid. p. 27, 29. Madox Hist. of Exch. p. 75, 76. Spelm. Gloss. in verbo hundred. [r]None of the feudal governments in Europe had such institutions as the countycourts, which the great authority of the Conqueror still retained from the Saxon customs. All the freeholders of the county, even the greatest barons, were obliged to attend the sheriffs in these courts, and to assist them in the administration of justice. By this means, they received frequent an...
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