American Foreign Policy 1972-Present FINAL.pptx - 1972 Cold War\u2019s End to the Fight Against Terrorism TESTED BENCHMARKS \u2022 SS.912.A.7.10 \u2013 Analyze

American Foreign Policy 1972-Present FINAL.pptx - 1972 Cold...

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1972 Cold War’s End to the Fight Against Terrorism
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TESTED BENCHMARKS SS.912.A.7.10 – Analyze the significance of Vietnam and Watergate on the government and people of the United States SS.912.A.7.11 – Analyze the foreign policy of the United States as it relates to Africa, Asia, Caribbean, Latin America, and the Middle East. SS.912.A.7.12 – Analyze political, economic, and social concerns that emerged at the end pf the 20 th century and into the 21 st century. SS.912.A.7.14 – Review the role of the United States as a participant in the global economy (trade agreements, international competition, impact on American labor, environmental concerns) SS.912.A.7.15 – Analyze the effects of foreign and domestic terrorism on the American people.
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KEY TERMS These are the key terms/people you will need to know the meaning/significance of: Détente Ronald Reagan Bill Clinton George W. Bush Watergate Reagan Doctrine Bosnia and Kosovo Terrorism Apartheid Glasnost NAFTA September 11, 2001 OPEC Perestroika Election of 2000 Al-Qaeda Jimmy Carter Mikhail Gorbachev Jihad Taliban Panama Canal Treaty Iran-Contra Affair Osama bin Laden Camp David Accords George H.W. Bush Iraq War Iranian Revolution Persian Gulf War Barrack Obama Iran Contra CrisisSaddam Hussein Globalization Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) World Trade Organization (WTO)
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Major part of any administration Important part of any president’s agenda Foreign policy has had a renewed focus since the beginning of the Cold War Usually foreign policy is directed to promote the national interest Use of media is important tool in delivery of what the president’s foreign policy is PRESIDENCY President’s agendas have varied Some have worked with the U.N. and tried to be part of the world community Other presidents have taken a more individual approach Some have even set up new democratic governments in an attempt to be an example for
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Détente/” SALT” Dr. Henry Kissinger works closely with Nixon Nixon is the first president to step foot in communist China since 1949 His visit to China helps to open trade between the US and China (Ping Pong diplomacy) He also is the first president to visit Moscow He signs the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (also known as SALT) He is able to ease tensions for the United States felt with the Chinese and Russians NIXON Chile Chile’s socialist leader Salvador Allende Chilean copper mines are nationalized This threatens American interests abroad The CIA is instructed by Nixon and Kissinger to work with anti-Allende groups Allende is eventually ousted by a military coup
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Ford never actually elected Was replacement for Spiro Agnew (Nixon’s first VP who resigned) Replaced Nixon when he resigned to avoid impeachment Pardoned Nixon for his role in Watergate AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY – GERALD FORD Major issues with the Middle East Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Effects of the Arab-Israeli War on the trading status of the US with Middle Eastern countries Hike in cost of oil from the Middle East led to several domestic issues (gas shortages, unemployment,
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