TESTED BENCHMARKS•SS.912.A.7.10 – Analyze the significance of Vietnam and Watergate on the government and people of the United States•SS.912.A.7.11 – Analyze the foreign policy of the United States as it relates to Africa, Asia, Caribbean, Latin America, and the Middle East.•SS.912.A.7.12 – Analyze political, economic, and social concerns that emerged at the end pf the 20thcentury and into the 21stcentury.•SS.912.A.7.14 – Review the role of the United States as a participant in the global economy (trade agreements, international competition, impact on American labor, environmental concerns)•SS.912.A.7.15 – Analyze the effects of foreign and domestic terrorism on the American people.
KEY TERMSThese are the key terms/people you will need to know the meaning/significance of:DétenteRonald ReaganBill ClintonGeorge W. BushWatergateReagan DoctrineBosnia and KosovoTerrorismApartheidGlasnost NAFTA September 11, 2001OPEC PerestroikaElection of 2000Al-QaedaJimmy Carter Mikhail GorbachevJihadTalibanPanama Canal TreatyIran-Contra AffairOsama bin LadenCamp David AccordsGeorge H.W. BushIraq WarIranian RevolutionPersian Gulf WarBarrack ObamaIran Contra CrisisSaddam HusseinGlobalizationPalestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)World Trade Organization (WTO)
Major part of any administrationImportant part of any president’s agendaForeign policy has had a renewed focus since the beginning of the Cold WarUsually foreign policy is directed to promote the national interestUse of media is important tool in delivery of what the president’s foreign policy isPRESIDENCYPresident’s agendas have variedSome have worked with the U.N. and tried to be part of the world communityOther presidents have taken a more individual approach Some have even set up new democratic governments in an attempt to be an example for
•Détente/”SALT”•Dr. Henry Kissinger works closely with Nixon•Nixon is the first president to step foot in communist China since 1949•His visit to China helps to open trade between the US and China (Ping Pong diplomacy)•He also is the first president to visit Moscow•He signs the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (also known as SALT)•He is able to ease tensions for the United States felt with the Chinese and RussiansNIXON•Chile•Chile’s socialist leader Salvador Allende•Chilean copper mines are nationalized•This threatens American interests abroad•The CIA is instructed by Nixon and Kissinger to work with anti-Allende groups•Allende is eventually ousted by a military coup
•Ford never actually elected•Was replacement for Spiro Agnew (Nixon’s first VP who resigned)•Replaced Nixon when he resigned to avoid impeachment•Pardoned Nixon for his role in WatergateAMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY – GERALD FORD•Major issues with the Middle East•Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)•Effects of the Arab-Israeli War on the trading status of the US with Middle Eastern countries•Hike in cost of oil from the Middle East led to several domestic issues (gas shortages, unemployment,