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Acct_215_Test_One - Acct 215-Curtis Test One Orginally...

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Acct 215-Curtis Test One Orginally given Fall 1997 True/False 1. Judges use precedent when deciding a case in a common law legal system. True 2. Precedent is a statutory rule requiring judges to conform to past court decisions rendered by the Supreme Court of the United States. False 3. Congress can only pass legislation that falls within the limits setup by the federal Constitution. True 4. The U.S. Supreme Court gives the states the power to regulate interstate commerce. False 5. Venue is concerned with whether a court has authority over specific subject matter or over a particular individual. False 6. The Constitution was drafted in part due to the recognition that state governments-rather than federal governments-are better able to handle most political problems. False 7. The Congress of the United States is empowered to create inferior courts as it may, from time to time deem necessary. False 8. The U.S. Supreme Court allows no laws which would restrict the freedoms provided by the First Amendment. False 9. Under the Constitution, the states retained certain enumerated powers for themselves. True 10. The Constitution specifically guarantees a right to privacy. False 11. Most courts apply the substantive law of another state if it has significant contacts with, or an overriding governmental interest in, the litigation. True 12. The right to a speedy trial in a criminal case is guaranteed by the 6 th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. True 13. The appellant is the party who appeals a case to another court or jurisdiction from the court or jurisdiction in which the case was originally brought. False 14. Because the 5 th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution only applies to the federal government, state courts are exempt from any requirements of due process . False 15. State and local governments can impose an undue burden on interstate commerce when they have substantial reason to deem this in the best interest of the public. False
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16. The Constitution gives the executive branch of government exclusive power over interstate commerce. False Multiple Choice 1. The doctrine of stare decisis: a. Applies only to decisions rendered by the Supreme Court of the U.S. b. Prevents a court from reversing a rule it established at an earlier date. c. Prevents different states from following different precedents once on state has established a rule of law. d. None of the above 2. Power? of American courts to determine whether a law is contrary to the mandates of the Constitution is known as: a. Executive privelage b. Stare Decisis c. Case Law d. Judicial review
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