Philosophy 230 - Groundhog Day Paper

Philosophy 230 - Groundhog Day Paper - Josh Hill RD1...

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Josh Hill RD1 Question II A. 1. Generosity is the habit of willingly giving and expecting nothing in return from such giv- ing. Generosity can be viewed as a virtue with certain limitations since the generous act must be done with the correct attitude and reason behind it. “A generous person will give and spend the right amounts on the right objects . .. and he will derive great pleasure from doing so. Also, he will take the right amounts from the right sources.” (Aristotle, 86) Its excess is extravagance and deficiency is stinginess. Each vicious extreme sets itself apart from the virtue; extravagance takes generosity to the point where the generous person begins giving too many of these things until they have nothing left to give and they cannot be self-sustaining any longer. A person is also extravagant when they start to give for the wrong reasons, which can lead to self-destruc- tion. (Aristotle, 83) They appear to be very generous, (i.e. the satisfaction of people noticing their “good deed”) but they don’t have the proper mentality while performing the task. The vir- tue’s opposite, stinginess, however, involves giving too little and taking too much. (Aristotle, 88) The stingy person is usually reluctant to give and if they do end up giving, it is not by moral choice. Stinginess is more opposed to generosity than extravagance. It is easier to get one who is already in the habit of giving to change their mentality about performing the action, and more difficult for a stingy person to begin giving. The final good, generosity, is self-sufficient (Aristotle, 9), and noble people carry out its noble tasks. (Aristotle, 84) 2. Phil undergoes a moral transformation, starting as a very stingy individual, turning into a man who incorporates generous deeds into his daily routine. The viewer clearly sees Phil be- coming generous with his assets when he takes the derelict to a restaurant for food and drink as well as when he helps reconcile the relationship of the young couple he met at the cafe; assist-
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Philosophy 230 - Groundhog Day Paper - Josh Hill RD1...

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