Lecture 3 - The Social Self

Lecture 3 - The Social Self - SocialPsychology Lecture3...

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Social Psychology Lecture 3 The Social Self The self Self-concept – organized collection of beliefs and self-perceptions (self-schema) o Framework  for how we process ourselves o Important to protect self-concept  from potentially threatening information and  maintain consistency Self-reference effect – tendency to process efficiently and remember well  information  related to oneself   Independent vs. interdependent view of the self Independent view of self – defining self in terms of  internal thoughts, feelings Interdependent view of self – defining self in terms of  relationships to others- family,  religion Self-insight Impact bias      – overestimating the enduring impact of emotion-causing events -Gilbert & Wilson (2000) -Especially for negative events -Affects decisions Sources of self-knowledge
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Self-perception process – inferring attitudes  from one’s own overt behavior, rather than  from one’s own internal state o Most useful to learn about  non-central aspects of self Environmental distinctiveness – salient qualities  that make us unique Social identity – part of self-concept  based on group membership o Includes ethnic identity – self-knowledge  that concerns membership in particular  ethnic group Reflected appraisal process – self-evaluation  based on the perceptions and evaluations of  others Looking-glass self      - we see ourselves  through the eyes of other people and often  adopt those views
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Lecture 3 - The Social Self - SocialPsychology Lecture3...

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