Lecture 4 - Person Perception

Lecture 4 - Person Perception - Social Psychology Lecture 4...

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Social Psychology Lecture 4 Person Perception Physical Attractiveness • Positive appearance stereotypes about physically attractive people: - More interesting, sociable, independent, exciting, well-adjusted, successful, honest, likeable -Universal positive associations -Mostly incorrect • Negative appearance stereotypes: -Vain, materialistic • Outcomes of physical attractiveness: -Higher salaries, lower jail sentence, more attention from parents Nonverbal Communication • Nonverbal communication – how people communicate, intentionally or unintentionally, without words (facial expressions, voice tone, gestures, body position and movement, touch, gaze) o Important for self-presentation • 5 basic channels of nonverbal communication: o Facial expressions o Eye contact o Body language o Touching o Voice tone Facial Expressions • Darwin – primary facial expressions are universal -No matter where you are people would understand facial expressions • Encoding –expressing or emitting nonverbal behavior
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• Decoding – interpreting the meaning of the nonverbal behavior other people express Universal Facial Expressions • Anger, happiness, surprise, fear, disgust, sadness (Ekman & Friesen) –these are 6 basic facial expressions -Anger is the most easily decoded • Evolutionary –Anger should be decoded easily Eye Contact • High level of eye contact -friendliness Staring –hostility, anger • Avoiding eye contact –unfriendly, shy Body Language • Posture, position, movement -Least controlled-> Body language is second nature • Large amount of movement -> emotional arousal • Gender differences Men – gestures with bodily force -> increased power Women – gestures with bodily force -> reduced power Touching • Meaning depends on context
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• Handshake – firmer, longer, more vigorous -> higher rating of extra version and openness, more favorable impression -Longer life expectancy Voice tone • Voice tone : Extralinguistic cue : Language – related cue outside of verbal content. Decoding • Decoding errors: Affect blend – facial expression in which one part of the face registers one emotion while another part of the face registers another emotion -people may try not to show emotion on their face • Culture – different display rules Display rules – culturally determined rules about which nonverbal behaviors are appropriate to display. Emblems
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course 830 321 taught by Professor K.brynildsen during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture 4 - Person Perception - Social Psychology Lecture 4...

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