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Lecture 5 - Stereotypes, Prejudice, Discrimination

Lecture 5 - Stereotypes, Prejudice, Discrimination - Social...

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Social Psychology Lecture 5 Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination t Prejudice – a preconceived negative judgment of a group and its individual members -Feel + Attitudes -Affective component F Stereotype – a generalized belief about members of social groups -cognitive component F Discrimination – behavior directed toward people on the basis of their group membership -behavioral component Types of Prejudice Old-fashioned prejudice t Old-fashioned racism -belief in innate white superiority -racial segregation -overt discrimination (any kind) -still around just not as much: older generations more than young : more subtle : can differ culturally (Ex: jamaica illegal being gay) -declining Changes in prejudice - coninuation of old-fashioned racism (Ex: aboriginals; in 1996- 13% of Americans wanted a law banning interracial marriage) F Illusory change apparent decline in racism due to expression of racist ideas becoming socially unacceptable, but may still have unexpressed racist ideas. Types of prejudice (symbolic racism) t Modern racism – expression of prejudices in ways that can be justified on unprejudiced grounds - racism has gone underground but has subtle ways of leaking through -most are opposed to affirmative action (everyone ignores history of unequal opportunity just on merit) (this ex: of modern racism) -deny history of discrimination
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Aversive racism – attitudes toward a racial group combining egalitarian social values and negative emotions , resulting in avoidance. -could be because grew up that way or had a negative encounter -believe in equality but have negative feelings about certain ethnic group so they avoid that ethnic group Implicit Prejudice t Implicit prejudice – reflects well-learned sets of associations that can be automatically activated , and so are spontaneous, uncontrollable, and unintentional -unconscious prejudice; automatic F Measured by implicit association test (IAT) - measured by associations + how fast/slow you associate Ex: how fast associate good-bad to blacks- whites Sexism Negative attitudes and behavior toward someone on the basis of his or her gender -usually toward women Types of sexism: t Hostile sexism -regards women as inferior to men -usually intellectually -assigns women to traditional + subordinate roles (women belong in kitchen, etc) -views women as sexual objects -men more likely to be hostile sexists F Benevolent (ambivalent) sexism -sees women as objects to be idealized + protected -views women as emotionally weaker than but morally superior to men -shows women not independent + need to depend on men -men +women equally likely to be benevolent sexists F Both forms of sexism view women as inferior and reinforce stereotypes and patriarchy (men dominate, women subordinate).
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