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Lecture 8 - Groups

Lecture 8 - Groups - Social Psychology Lecture 8 Groups...

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Social Psychology Lecture 8 Groups Groups Interdependence Group identity - People in group perceive themselves to be in group. Group structure Norms - things you are supposed to do when in group Roles Status hierarchy – different members have different positions/ranks within the group Outcomes of group membership r Benefits: -divisions of labor -Accomplish what one could not do alone -Social change Costs: Restriction of personal freedom Demands on time, energy, resources Withdrawing from group potentially costly
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The presence of others r Does the mere presence of others help or hinder performance? r Social facilitation – effects upon performance resulting from the presence of others -Common with animals; especially with cockroaches o Early research r Mere presence of others -> performance enhanced o Triplett –study about people bike racing and how they work harder when there is someone with them racing. Later r Mere presence of others -> performance enhanced or declined Drive theory of social facilitation : o The mere presence of others is arousing and increases the tendency to perform dominate responses Dominant response –most likely to occur in a given situation Presence of others will improve individuals’ performance when they are highly skilled at the task.
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