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Lecture 10 - Helping Others

Lecture 10 - Helping Others - SocialPsychology Lecture10...

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Social Psychology Lecture 10 Helping Others Prosocial behavior  (when people help each other) A helpful action that benefits other people  without necessarily providing any direct  benefits to the person performing the act Goals of prosocial behavior: - Improve our own welfare - Increase social approval - Manage our self-image  - Manage our moods + emotions Evolutionary factors Protecting our genetic line Genetic determinism model      –behavior is driven by genetic attributes  that evolved  because they enhanced the probability of transmitting one’s genes to subsequent  generations Genetic similarity between two organisms  -> more likely to help Helping each other  = protecting own genes “Altruistic gene”  – more likely to be passed on  - Ex: help others - Not selfish Inclusive fitness (kin selection)      – natural selection also involves behaviors that benefit  other individuals  with whom we share genes Greater genetic relatedness  -> more likely to help
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Best person to save  – relative who is young enough to reproduce - Ex:  Mom or sister -> sister because more likely to pass on genes  - More likely to protect females, younger, closer Reciprocal aid  (help someone + someone will help you) Cooperative behavior that benefits both individuals  because when individual A helps  individual B, B is motivated to reciprocate by helping A. Also benefit larger group  to which A + B belong Cooperation  -> survival Internal influences on helping behavior Individual factors o Altruistic personality Empathy  – being able to feel the other person’s emotional state -empathy -> greater helping What is responsible for individual differences in empathy?
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