Lecture 11 - Aggression

Lecture 11 - Aggression - Social Psychology Lecture 11...

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Social Psychology Lecture 11 Aggression Aggression Aggression – behavior directed toward the goal of harming another living being. Indirect aggression –actions that allow the aggressor to conceal his or her identity from the back. Direct aggression actions aimed directly at the target and that clearly stem from the aggressor. Emotional/hostile aggression –aggression stemming from feelings of anger. Instrumental aggression –aggression as a means to some goal other than causing pain. -Black Friday Gender differences Higher incidence of aggressive behaviors -Men More likely to be targets of aggression -Men More likely to aggress against others when they have not been provoked -Men More likely to aggress when they have been provoked -Both Direct aggression –More common among men Indirect aggression –more common among women
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Arrests - Both Violence among intimate partners - women are more likely to go to police if this happens 2000 – 28% violent crimes against women -> committed by intimate male partner -3% violent crimes against men -> committed by intimate female partner 1998 – 32% murders of women -> committed by current or former male partner -4% murders of men -> committed by current or former female partner -Not more affective for women to use physical aggression Potential explanations: Testosterone –male sex hormone Animals injected with testosterone See difference in behavior (controlled experiment) Prisoners convicted of violent crimes (male) compare violent to non-violent prisoners More violent, the more testosterone College fraternities -> considered more rambunctious, cruder Socialization - Sports -> men’s sports are more aggressive - kids toys -girls-> dolls -boys-> action figures Goals of aggressive behavior Drive theory – aggression stems from external conditions that arouse the motive to harm others Freud “death instinct” -> the destructive or aggressive instinct, based on a compulsion to return to an earlier harmonious state and, ultimately to nonexistence -A primitive impulse for destructive, decay, and death Displacement – indirect expression of aggression away from original source of attack
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Catharsis – expressing aggression or watching others engage in aggressive behaviors
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course 830 321 taught by Professor K.brynildsen during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture 11 - Aggression - Social Psychology Lecture 11...

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