tob - TOBACCO INDUSTRY IN TURKEY The importance of tobacco...

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TOBACCO INDUSTRY IN TURKEY
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The importance of tobacco for the economy of the country can be summarized as follows: Tobacco is a significant crop for the agriculture sector of Turkey. It generates employment and represents the primary means of subsistence for about 3.5 million people including 580,000 tobacco farmers in addition to those employed in transportation, marketing and processing.
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Turkey ranks fifth in world tobacco production and sixth in exports. Tobacco ranks sixth in terms of the total value of culture crops in Turkey. Turkey‘s tobacco exports generate US$ 500 million a year on average, or 2-3 per cent of its total export earnings. TEKEL (Turkish State Monopolies), which purchases the bulk of domestic tobacco output and also produces cigarettes, has a 3 per cent share of the GNP of Turkey at 1999 prices.
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History of Tobacco in Turkey Tobacco arrived in the Ottoman Empire in the early seventeenth century on ships from Great Britain and Venice. In Ottoman Empire, there was no restriction about farming, production and consumption of tobacco but it was only put a custums duty on import until 1633. Turkish Republic took tobacco sector under government control in 1923.
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Cigarette production in Turkey started in the 19th century in small shops called atalye. The first cigarette factory was established in 1939, and produced hand- made non-filter cigarettes and packed tobaccos.
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tob - TOBACCO INDUSTRY IN TURKEY The importance of tobacco...

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