PSYC 213 - Chapter 1

PSYC 213 - Chapter 1 - Cognition Chapter 1 Introduction to...

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Unformatted text preview: Cognition Chapter 1 Introduction to cognitive psychology- Example of Sarah walking across campus, she stops to talk to a friend about movie she saw last night. She cant talk for long because she has an appointment to plan her schedule for next term, so she says good-bye and heads off towards her advisors office.- This may seem minor, but it is in fact a whole complex slew of events- Perception finding way through campus, recognize friend- Attention she focuses on only a portion of her environment, but sees friend- Language talking with friend about movie- Reasoning and decision making decision of course selection and career path The Challenge of Cognitive Psychology- The Complexity of Cognition The common sense that we usually attribute to a situation is only the superficial side of cognitive psychology Thus when cognitive psychologists look more closely at processes, they find beneath it the complexities that may not be so apparent and obvious Some of these things within cognition are deeply linked, such as attention and memory. These are the hidden processes Example is the backstage of a play. Even though we see whats going on in front, we don't realize what is going on in the back of the stage- The First Cognitive Psychologists Began in 1868 with Franciscus Donders Donders reaction-time experiment This is called the mental chronometry today This measures how long a cognitive processes takes Basically how long it took for a person to make a decision This reaction time test was helpful as this provided information about the extremely rapid processes that occur in the mind This is split between simple reaction time and choice reaction time Simple reaction time simply is the participant pressing a button asap when a light comes on Choice reaction time is pressing one button for left and one button for right depending on what is shown The rationale behind the simple reaction time is that it flows from: Stimulus mental response behavioral response From that we measure the reaction t ime, which is the whole process The rat ionale behind the choice reaction t ime is:...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course PSYC 213 taught by Professor Levitin during the Winter '08 term at McGill.

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PSYC 213 - Chapter 1 - Cognition Chapter 1 Introduction to...

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