PSYC 304 - Ch.1

PSYC 304 - Ch.1 - Chapter1BackgroundandTheories

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 1 – Background and Theories Developmental Psychology and Its Roots Attempts to explain child development go back far in time, but child psychology as a  science is only about 100 years old and has developed as a result of the use of the  scientific method. What is Developmental Psychology? Psychology – scientific study of behaviour Developmental Psychology  – concerned with the changes in behaviour and abilities  that occur as development proceeds.  Developmental psychology seeks to  describe  and to  explain  child behaviour In the past, developmental psychologists mainly studied childhood, and thus  developmental psychology and child psychology referred to the same thing.  However,  research is being directed toward adulthood and old age and so these terms are no  longer interchangeable.  Why Study Children? Period of Rapid Development o Developmental researchers are interested in studying change and focus on  childhood because it is a time of rapid change during which most changes take  place in human life.  Long-Term Influences o Early events and experiences influence an individual’s later development. Most  psychological theories suggest that who we are today greatly depends on our  development and childhood experiences.  Insight Into Complex Adult Processes o Researchers interested in studying complex adult behaviours often find it useful  to study these behaviours during periods when they are less complex. Real-World Applications o Research on children often serves to improve their lives. Interesting Subject Matter
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Early Theorists John Locke      (1632-1704) o English philosopher, in addition to being a physician and leading political figure of  his time. o Locke’s theory – All children are born equal and the mind of the newborn is  equivalent to a  tabula rasa  (“blank slate”). All knowledge is acquired through  experience and learning, and thus, children are neither innately good or evil; only  products of their environment. o Locke also offered parenting advice: he stressed rewards and punishments  (although not material rewards or physical punishment). Instead, he thought that  praise and scolding were more efficient ways of discipline. He also thought that  children should be stimulated to learn at an early age.  Jean-Jacques Rousseau      (1712-1778) o French leading philosopher of his day. Father of French romanticism –  movement that emphasizes sentimentality, naturalness, and innocence. These  are also reflected in his conception of the child. o
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course PSYC 304 taught by Professor Majorieauderabiau during the Winter '08 term at McGill.

Page1 / 21

PSYC 304 - Ch.1 - Chapter1BackgroundandTheories

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online