PSYC 304 - Ch.12

PSYC 304 - Ch.12 - Chapter 12: Early Social and Emotional...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 12: Early Social and Emotional Development Introduction: In Canada = debate about the daycare controversy Is it good for children? 60% of Canadian preschoolers attend some sort of child care Given these significant numbers = growth of attention on this research subject Findings good quality day care + attentive parents = no negative effect on parent-child attachment Children with mother = not graduated from high school = if placed in daycare before 9 months = less likely to develop physical aggression because of exposure to stimulation and emotional exercises daycare can teach children to control their aggression Daycare is a good thing for all children Humans are social species = from early on children have many relationships (short-term = babysitter / long-term = family members, certain friends) Challenging to identify the determinants of social interaction When mom interacting with her baby what causes changes in the babys behaviour? Is it the mothers behavior (mom moving a toy) and the babys response to the mothers behavior (baby follows the toy with eyes) or is it the babys response (following toy with eyes) influencing the mothers behavior (whether she continues to move toy around or not) = baby is the producer of his own environment In this simple dyadic two person situation the influence is bi-directional Theories of Early Social Development Social development is distinctive in the first 2 yrs of life (3 reasons) 1. infants social world is very small (mom, dad and siblings) 2. these initial relationships are very influential and have long-term effect on child entire development 3. infant appear to form strong emotional relationships with this social world suggesting the involvement of psychological processes different then processes in later life Evolutionary and Biological Approaches the social behavior of infants and caregiver we observe today represent millions of years of gradual adaptation to the environment human babies are born helpless and cant survive on their own they need to be taken care of to survive and reproduce the process of natural selection has provided infants and mothers with an innate system of behaviors to ensure the survival of the baby baby forms a relationship with primary caregiver (the person with whom the infant forms the major attachment relationship) / in first 6 months the baby can remain close to mom by drawing her near = crying / as locomotive abilities evolve the child can now stay near the mom = follow mom around...
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PSYC 304 - Ch.12 - Chapter 12: Early Social and Emotional...

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