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Empires of the New World - 2 Natives farm& mine V French...

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Empires of the New World I. Western Europe & The Race for Asia (East Indies) A. Silk & Spice Trade B. Compass, Gunpowder, & Moveable Type in Printing 1. “the three greatest inventions known to man” II. Portugal’s Early Advancements & Discoveries A. Prince Henry “The Navigator” B. Astronomical Calculation, Caravel C. Forts = Africa, India, Indonesia, & China D. Monopoly on Asian Spice Trade E. Gold & Slaves off of West Africa F. Not A Major Player in New World Colonization/Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) G. 4 Islands (1450s) – Produce Sugar – Atlantic Slave Trade III. Three Major Players in New World Conquest A. Spanish, French, & English IV. Spain A. Christopher Columbus (1492) (Bahamas) 1. Natives back to Spain – lands contain “spices, gold, & other metals” B. Spanish Conquistadores 1. “God, Glory, & Gold” – Efforts to Christianize 2. Hernan Cortes (1521) – Montezuma’s Aztec Empire C. Encomienda System = wealth D. “Frontier of Inclusion” 1. Young Spanish Men – intermarriage = mestizos/mulattoes
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Natives farm & mine V. French A. Jacques Cartier (1534, 1535, 1541) 1. “Northwest Passage” to East Indies (Failed) 2. Explored St. Lawrence River = French imperial claims to Canada B. Commerce (Trade), Not Conquest 1. “Fish & Furs” 2. Natives necessary economic partners (Indian hunters & trappers) C. “Frontier of Inclusion” 1. Intermarriage 2. Studied Native cultures 3. Spoke Native languages 4. Allies 5. Efforts to Christianize VI. England A. Compete with Spain for New World Acquisitions (Money & Conquest) 1. Protestant Reformation 1517 = Protestant vs. Catholic 2. Sir Francis Drake’s “Sea Dogs” wreak havoc on Spanish New World ports/fleets 3. England’s war with Spain (1585-1604) 4. 1588 Spanish Armada defeated = Spain’s New World Monopoly broken B. “Frontier of Exclusion” 1. No Cultural Mixing 2. Desire separation from “savages” 3. No intermarriage 4. Dominate & Conquer Natives...
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Empires of the New World - 2 Natives farm& mine V French...

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