Hist250Political Experimentation Towards a New Constitution

Hist250Political Experimentation Towards a New Constitution...

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Political Experimentation Towards a New Constitution I. Articles of Confederation (November 1777; 1781) A. 1 st written constitution of the U.S. B. Provisions of the A of C 1. Congress i. Each state gets one vote ii. Majority of 7 states needed; 9 in major decisions C. No Executive or Judicial Braches D. Limitations 1. No Power of Taxation (Left up to States) 2. All 13 states had to assent for Amendments E. Weak Central Government II. Achievements of the Articles of Confederation A. Land Ordinance of 1785 1. Thomas Jefferson 2. Settlement of the Western Territory i. Grid pattern of townships B. Northwest Ordinance of 1787 1. Established a system of government for 5 states i. Governor, 5,000 territorial leg., 60,000 state const. 2. Prohibited slavery north of Ohio River (5 states) – NW Terr. III. Shay’s Rebellion (1786-87) A. Daniel Shays (Massachusetts Farmers) C. Insufficient funds = rely on state militia D. A of C too weak; call for stronger national government
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IV. Philadelphia Convention (May- September 1787)
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Hist250Political Experimentation Towards a New Constitution...

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