Article1 - Emotions have both evolutionary significance and...

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Article 1: Relationships, Human Behavior, and Psychological Science Psychological science rarely uses relationship context in its theories—this is because psychology usually focuses on the behavior of the individual. History of relationship events on human biology: Living and working in small, cooperative groups has been the main survival strategy for the human species Evidence shows the responsiveness to relationship contexts is deeply wired into human architecture (we are born with it) Relationships can be categorized in the way in which individuals change their behavior in order to coordinate with others’ actions and preferences Social Cognition The self-serving attributional bias is that people give themselves more credit for success and less responsibility for failure than they give strangers. This bias is not observed when the self is compared with close relationship partners. Emotion
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Unformatted text preview: Emotions have both evolutionary significance and relevance to social life. o Several emotions are intrinsically relationship-specific (jealousy; maternal and romantic love) o There are links between the emotion-eliciting power of situations and their relationship context o People are more willing to express both positive and negative emotions to the extent that a relationship is intimate, trusting and communal Secure base : infants turn to caregivers for reassurance and confidence in the face of stressful or threatening situations The development of certain abilities (relating to people; solving problems creatively) depend on a childs early relationship A possibility for discontinuity between early and later relationships is that unsatisfying early relationships disrupt normal development, in turn affecting later behavior and relationships (shown in orphanages)...
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