Unformatted text preview: o If so, how “close” to each other are two randomly selected people? • Milgram asked about 300 people in Nebraska and Boston to get a package to a single target person in Massachusetts (whom they did not know) through acquaintance chains • The package that reached the target did so through an average of five intermediaries (i.e., six steps) • 48% of the completed chains passed through one of the same three people (Milgram refers to these as “penultimate links” and “stars”-but you could also call them hubs) A recent replication • Study conducted in 2003 by researchers at Columbia o Used 18 targets from 13 different countries (e.g., U.S, Estonia, India) o Recruited 60,000 volunteers from 166 countries to initiate email chains to reach targets, starting with a “social acquaintance” • The average number of intermediaries is between 5-7...
View Full Document
- Fall '08
- Small world experiment, Six degrees of separation, • Milgram, poorly connected clusters