209 - 1 Case Study of Mission-Critical Smart Grid Remedial...

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1 Case Study of Mission-Critical Smart Grid Remedial Action Schemes Via Ethernet David Dolezilek, Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. Abstract— While special protection systems (SPSs) often shed load, recent sophisticated remedial action schemes (RASs) reduce or terminate generation output during an emergency condition. Under certain load conditions, generation newly added to previously balanced transmission grids creates system conditions that violate accepted reliability criteria. At Southern California Edison (SCE), RAS systems are implemented to ensure reliable power system performance following outages on a transmission grid network. They include fast, automatic control actions to mitigate thermal overloads and system instability upon the loss of one or more transmission lines. With these automatic protection features, RAS systems are used in place of expensive alternative measures, which include reconductoring transmission lines, building new lines, and/or adding new transformers. Testing at SCE demonstrates the successful use of IEC 61850 GOOSE (Generic Object-Oriented Substation Event) messages over a distance up to 460 miles to collect analysis and arming data and transfer status and control indications. Complete detection, alarming, calculation, and remediation are completed in well under the 50-millisecond benchmark. Using standardized IEC 61850 GOOSE methods avoids the customization required to implement individual local RAS communications systems, allows centralized coordination of arming, disarming, and system testing, and simplifies the coordination of system maintenance. Reliability improves with capabilities to monitor end-to-end grid parameters and quickly respond to abnormal conditions. These methods of mitigation are intended to be used throughout the SCE area of operation as well as at all interties to neighboring utilities to facilitate dynamic load shedding/generation tripping and improved load management. SPSs and RASs must be put in place to protect existing systems that are called upon to serve new generation and load, are intertied with weak systems, or have geographical characteristics that reduce stability. Once protected, the automatic load and generation control ensures stability while improving production and reliability. Once these are in place, wide-area monitoring and control are safely added to replace state estimation with real-time state measurement and management. I. INTRODUCTION Contemporary special protection systems (SPSs) and remedial action scheme (RAS) systems are deployed via a network of intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) that monitor field conditions and react to contingency control actions. Protection, control, and monitoring (PCM) IEDs that are designed appropriately serve both PCM functions and monitor and control functions for RAS systems. These PCM IEDs are capable of serving both systems simultaneously; however, separate IED networks are often deployed for physical segregation. This simplifies design, installation, testing, and
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course EE 555 taught by Professor Silvester during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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209 - 1 Case Study of Mission-Critical Smart Grid Remedial...

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