Lightfoot et al 2008 - “THE PLACE mats mafia” Dan...

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Unformatted text preview: “THE PLACE mats mafia” Dan Mondragafi {Amah Mutsm’t Ohiette'a slowly stretches his tags and breathes fit the ftesh, sea-scentesi air as he steps down fmm his trust; after a. bitmap}? fitie on aha 103g dirt read. He has 31115:: entered. a smafl shaltereé valley, knewm as Quitoste, an extraor— dinary tocatiezt that time has seettfingiy forgot- ten. Em adminismuivt unit 9f Afie Nuevo State Regatta, Qtzimste Vaflay is tucked. into the rugged tgwgtaphy at tint Caastal Ranges in central Cati- ftrwtttia. some ézlstanie away {mm {315 tafiawing eigphaztt seais that ham mafia Afie $311939 21 figm— Eat égstinatien ameztg gait visitors. Eigéfiét‘égfit‘thaé'jtjifléfi'fifiifif'tfiémbfirg'fif -- tilt fitnah Magma Gtflant mitts tn 3 Vifiét: to Gfiti {at their macaw}. pistes. at: atchaeotagisai site tfitie‘fded in the SEER”. park. filas as CEt-SMA—t 13. Qnm a gamma—mm tfilage it: the region tinting Rate pramsmfic and sari? historic times {absut 1150— ;?{éfi}, the site is new situated it: a tmwltc tartar maps made up at fields of fifiwem and ceyete brush ftamaci by nearby steads at“ teéwoofi, Egg, ané buckeye trees, 333 set against the "backdmp of the magnificent mastal mountains. vaietmim Lcytg, the Etitrae’s chaismars, mi @3313 Mandtagan, tt‘itzal vice-chairmafi and Baits heather, tmé it: agteémtnt. “its, this aroma! he a 300$. piste t0 fiance.” Later, as the getting dart:- 11835 accmmates {ht beauty cf the “talk; bats dart avettteafi, birds amt stiles: gamma-es malt: them- saives imam. and weryzme agrees mitt tbs camp- fire~~~thé§ is 3:21.12}! a tamatkatfie 333.21%. Mart; Hylkama, an atahaaeitfigist with the Cait- fomta Departmmt {3f Parks anfi Rgaeafisn, jams the; grawittg amiss: 9f trim}. membats. Hg: is fi‘fifiSfi’fi i353 datatfiztg the séafiificanaa fit 635$ gags: it}. {iaééi‘gtttia 353mg; amgtzasizmg that Eats i5 E‘éfigfit’é $§§fifi 3%51?5§§E Qfiififiafigg KENT G. LEQHTE‘QQE. fififlCK STREPLENE mg RG3 SWHEELL the mnmetfi “Saga Grande” Kmtian Sflfiéemfifli destribeti by the flaspat tie Pettoié expeéitten in 176?, which mntained. multitng residential homes anti an impressive ceremonial: structure. Hyikaema has bean a crucial advocate for making Quimste V3336}? a “animal preserve” Withjtt the state park. systemma pistes Where mfitan peepin can mam- tain traditien—hased cultural granites, taduding the harvesting of Witt} tesaurces, the Spenser- Shtta of ammonites anti dances. and tha reimtate- man: of Raffle tanfiscapt: management ptactites. tie atso spearhtweé Etta cmatian {)f a 5031523653— ttve amttzteelogtga! and 6593933331 ptogtam that, irkthtdgtttte .mattMutsun. thmm. the. {13$an . fieipartment 5:35 E’atits staid Retreatt'on, the Univer— sttgr at California campustt at Ettitaéfiy anti Santa {.7sz anti the San Francism fiszaazvy 13353th. This mflabttmrive team a? Enflian sthoigts, archatoiogists, ecelegtsts, and. lanai; managers its embarking an an inanvativt rematch pragtam. with We gfimar? geals. One is It) examina indiat: hiatefgr in Quirosta V3112}? and t0 coastdet 310W it may have shaped hismriaal fiffltlapméflm in the hmadeg raging. The {Ethfii' it to mdartake a. cam-=- grahansiw stud}? 0f indigensus iattdscape mfl» agamtnt ptaaficas €m§i€3§6€i in the watershed throqu ttma. This latter task imiaivess 59m»: critt- cai abeut 120W tt} treat-:2 an tntagtatté appmach fat the satay of Califomja Endiatt mam— agemtnt sitategies over the last Ettfit’fit years (Le... the Holstena Eped’tgz, “WI-3.1%: a. parfimiat “$90.13 on tatescfibed burning. Wt: ate mementing wéflt a. novel methadoicgy that iztvtatves the cofietfimt 0f parfinent types at: etetfigitzat and arfimaciagt :32 data. fiscm bath ammtite amt {BEE-Sim tametts it: Qmmtte Vaiifga Tittfie data gag, 90135;}. chatteal. gittmfiéiths. gtktttfimtamtgé ffimaiflS; amt fit‘aaggt Sea$§$ figm :‘fiéswfieéé’s whm £23513?» magi i3: zfizgggmfima *fli‘i‘él mfiaz‘ hiazaflfial mdSQagg flaw aghgmgmghsg mapgg ané waguemiai ataxia} imagery; ethaahigtaflcel gaurgfi, ané Nam”: my :afivas, Sheuiefi. §f€¥§idfi 35%? 3sz 3:5 25:35; méarstanfiéngs mm $192.6 swig a? pat imfisaggfie ismmas. 53m“ gamma here :25 t9 (mains: same a? {£13 Manges in mfiefiakmg smi- ies gf past Emdscape management passages in Cafifaraia and to higfligh: we migrant &ebate abau‘i fiifi éegma to which mm people mamge'c‘é the 35:32 géaz‘tigjggam E112: éfizfiz‘mifiw 3423 fixes: 5mg m in: farmfiizm gm? mafimammae (3:? maria? {)f fia’ififawfia’a afivazse fiahizata, 5%. numifigz’ {sf masm afiaaiamiés mifigfi emphagfia :53 am- Qigé wig ma: mm have giagéé 553 am managemem GE Safifmnia habi- tats, Qaéifmma @2383 amyégs‘yaé :5; Mia :13? methads fie: efihanténg acesysmm Mimi; fidufléflg fifiage; ymfiigs Sfifié 'fimaécasfimg, ami waeééfig, bar: the yrimarg managemem H393 was fim. {Ialifemig Endims fimpisyaé fire mad aim: mamgfimem techniques m cm» Paul Mandragen, vice—chairman ef the Amah Muisun Omens tribe. comemplates the View at Quirosfie Vafileg. Photo by {buck Strigglen. mvimnmmtg fiuhsequent articées in forthst issues sf Nzwfiam Nam flaialfmia will éezail our ego—Mafia Eagica} awmach ifi Quézoste Valley agé the implications that this coflabarafive raseard: pmgram £01115} have far Eh: mvitdizafien 0:? 53:33: Human. 92112-213 wing yraaices and for ng haw we mamge wfldfianfi in fifw Nuevo Sage Resews. mflfififlfi WGEMN? PM€T§€ESZ SGEEE ESEEJB§ Csfiifflmia 311333 geapieg have, 192g maimafimé fim‘a thaér amegzazg Wifi 3? ' fifi‘éfié :fifififis fifigfi¥5 ééflmawm axe fié‘h masaégs cf habitazs across 39%}. regions. High biodiversity. in: mm, “gran videé iocai csmmunifies with a my- magapia GE feeds, medicines, and raw mamfials :‘er flailing; basketh hams, game mgafia, and 021m: gui— tuml abgaczs. Cememporary 3cm? téfie studies 0%“ burned. areas dmmmé " $08Pfif€ axpiasiens in fi‘m gmwth am? fivazsity 0f man}? plams useé E3}? 53%}:— fmnfia Iadimgi infifiding r0033, mbms, mas, gmgns, 211123, and; 363$, as WEE a3 a @$3- $3 fivefold irazmasa in the mambar 0§ birds gnfi mammaig ihat wag? wafiifiefigfigi hijafiifid. E1; gave bumk aim ngiaiwi gmi gags; éfifii’flyfifi giamg? :fimfiyaé éamMS {mm 333$ gzagfiri $33 feat; @mmé 333;: gathwaw i2: {mi-mg grad wmdiafids gm facfiimmé :amumg gatheriflg and fast Hairefi, 233% ferfiéfizad 50$ wifi: aédifiaflai nuts-Ema Eras aim mcfimggaé ma growth 9%" farming might sgmuts anti fithfifi‘ ugea'fifia raw magaziais tha‘: mum §e m£8f§8fa€§é $731K) caréage, $askaas, am: 932th hauge held. Enamels, Eu: 59mg sghoiars am 33$me @523: :he éegme w Wait: Calfigmia infliang managed file ianéscape. fie}; azng that the scale (BE envfironmemai medi» fication is king marl-3: exaggeraéteci in tha emu: literature. mamas R. Vaéa, for example; cautiafis flaw: anthropol- ogists are mafing a new myth sigma: Efiéian peoples (me in which the}? medi- fieé anfi econamicafiy enhanced vase: tracts 91? land. Although Vaie and 9th— ers meagnize that some lavai 9‘5? envi— mfimgmaé mpact was initigtad bf; 1mg}, Hams, may agate that {ml}: fiafiwl‘y‘ mas 9mm typicafly mefiéfiaé. Mme Myérmmlg, theyfieiieva Elm: Sign mfiflafit mfarmafiens in {Etta campfi— sificm arid mam esf piant maximum» ties amibuteé :0 Same {Zafijfarnian fire management can be best whirled by natural, flan—maropogenic acoiegica}. prmesws. ’f‘here are also those who questian the valus of or need :9 sway-~mmuch lass magpiyw—fire management baseé an a Native model Emma; valid rag-gamma far the midi}? Bf indigsneus mafiaoés @311 be mafia in teams of the significant challeagas that aonfmnt Ca; ifemims today with respect t0 changfi in climate, Eaméi gm: fueis, air quaiisgz, am? so an, Tribes and emiogists ake woufié argaze ahaa a mam} giggles-1g; of our gaih wward galufiofls Salas ii”: a. mare mmprehensive unéarsmndixag 0f haw mar imdscapes human: inciuéing 1233?: iegaajg a? humgsa mofiéficafifim, ‘fii’fl TEE @313 migh: @332: 313: ii: Shfiuifi 33c smghfiarigfid ac: 3%:ng :hc magpi- méc and camg‘iczi’c}? {3% cnvfimcmcmaéc manggcmca: gracijces cmpifiyczi bf; Safifagnéa mdégms. But $31315 is me: aways {he c333. Ear man}? arcas cf Qaiifamia, ma: ucécccmadmg {sf 3%: sgcfific decai‘ig inwlveé i3: grcsm‘bcci ‘bmzaing gcmg inc}; be?an the last W5 centuries is cachcr limiced. In ether arcag, hcwc‘vcr, this knwleége is qzzitc intact and Ecmg arficlgz xcficacchcd acid substanfiaicé. Pm important factor that mmplicatcs the study cf past Eanéscapc mamch mam practices, especially in the mast dcnseiy popflated areas of the state, ‘13 Euraycan cobaiaiism. Nat mi}! éid the European invasisc unleash a mul- titude of now—omnipresent plants and animais that have meéifieé Eocai face condi‘ciens in Califorxaia smcc at $53.3? 12769, but coicmial aciflfinisu‘ators put a stop m Endian pyroclivcrsity ymcciccs begirming in H93 with Spanish Pm hibétiona of Indian fires. Swarm;an fielicics :c'stréctifig {Ezc harming 0f 'wiié- lmds acccéccateci under {11% {Mixed States; by 1891 fire suggarcssian mgimcs ware enactcd in Yoscmitc ané chuaia Satianai $az‘ks by the £18. Army; ami 3'32 incest reserves {flaw blown as Naiiomi Forests} in the lace £8805 ami early wcos, A5 Scott Sic?th 2315: N65}; Sagi— haza have recently written, fedcrai firc suppressien yoficies Rafi? cook 0% with the establishmem 0f the {3.8. Forest Sec vicc in 19% unécr the fiircction cf 51:3 ficst chicf, Géfiocd Qindfiet. Fice suppressian yaiicécs haw: End a direct mating en Indiaa §eaplc in Cab formic when, wick a, few recent excep- ticsns, have been ambit: co yracticc cm difion—bascd pyroéiversity pracficcc far maze than a century. ’E‘hfis gravcms access :0 ccsourccs, which aficctc dict? carcinoma ancé mamacci}? minim} pres- erva‘zicn. Bari}- fire Sugyrccgiaa lad ta Ecwcz and £5ch firsthand £me abeué: cméiiticml Eadian cmmg i1: 3:313 anchmgcifigicci Eicratmcg as @313 a3 a ficcficc ceficccivc fanawicégc abma’i guch A caccéccs wéc’é‘ég‘: micaé ccmmcmc fies” Yfikg‘i hummg had been gccaii'f camaéécé ‘3; the timc flag: caci’g swag» raghcrs, such as flied iimc‘bcr anci gait: a Ham;ng 33mm chair acid» weak in aha car}? magma: {2an “$3233 a 533$ Sacra unable :9 make campcchcmévc cgewimch smdics a}? Native ficiflg §racti€§5§ Wm: may Ema} to work with were memofies of pas: firs uses based. an gateways with ma: cfidccs oz carficz‘ accsunts 0f Endian harming ebscrvcé b}; ngnish anfi Rus- sian colfimscs. Those schclcrs that {Ed sway Native a§p§ications of fires cucfi'; as Omar Ste-wart, were discouraged fmm pgbfichéng that infnrmation. As a consequence, cur understanding Gf mag-y details of prescfibw burning tiacccé by past Indian peopic in djfiercm rcgiam 0f Caiifonfia-wsuch as scaconak icy, fire intervals, intensity, am! mtg-at of traéicieflal cums cmpioycd in specific kinds of giant cemmmziticsr, 418132331315 fuzzy, as aims oucfafi ccmprchcnsécn at»? those lafiziscapcs Shfiififid h? fire” WEE: 13 aceécci in IE5 smégr 6? past imdscape managcmcm graccéces in Califcmia are mere camprchensive, acct-@dpfinary research programs cicvelopcd specifically to adércss gags- :icns abaut the frcqacncy, scale, and severity of Necivc burning and mic: garactices. These kincis of holistic pro- grams, which cynthcsizc and miticafiy cvaiuate cclacéofismps between ecoiogi- ca}, archaeelegicai, hismfical, and eth- nflgraphic scurccc of data, ace ram in Caiifomia A ccmmen mm yracficc is far fire ccaiegists ta wsrk incicpcn- clearly in éacumcnting past firc regimes using gcélcn, charcoal, ami fircscar écn— cimccelegy, while {ha Native 115cc of ficc arc gicamd separatciy {mm c1;th- gzaphic and cthnohéstcricai afiscw‘a— tings. In areas 0f Caiiforma Wham cui- cumi managcmcni praccéccs are mere Wiciciy Ecrzcwm and. acccgzgtcd, fizc issgc %§cc0mcs {31%. {3f scianfl’fic ccccéibfiity cm‘i écz’cfisé‘bflécg Ev‘iacicm ccwm‘cc cfimggcmc :7 gaiécicfi acct guificé 36:; {is "ccgi‘ avafiabic 32cm:ch skcchaccifigév mi dag: Ema»: a §c¥z nfiiaéfic czacgfiangg "awe 33m: becfi chEcha‘ccé Systcmacé— cagy $3326 smdics 0f past fire, ccgimcc m Nacécc bu.ng pmcciccs in fich- fcmia, Ne: have Endiaz: gcrggccti’vcg hccg thc cizivizzg icicguigifivc mativacica behinci archaeelegicc} smdics of Native calming, A primary gaal 9f our research at Quimstc Valley is to dcvciap this kiwi cf micgmccd ccfi-archacolegicai approach for thc study 0f gas: Indian Em management prac’c’ces, with the design, outcomes, and bcncfits 0&7 such rcsearch fully sharcé by the tribes and thc citizan sf Ceiifomic. We Eachevc chat collaborative rescarcii Pregrams Evolving tribal scholars, archaeologism ecologists, 331d Emd managccs pcovidc an ificafi oppormmlty to amt-mime the relationship between Indian manage- ment gracficcs and changing cameras 6f fire regimcs me;- the gas: 18,993 years, Ei’id wfl} Ecaé important pcrspcc— fich m cgacic £9 suszaifi cm: cakcc’wc . landscapes fer fame gmcmtians. Kim G. Lighgfwa has 3256?: tsccha‘ag 2'31 fig: aathmpaiagy dcparmzt at the {Icich- sity of Caiifcmia, Berkeley, mace 1989‘. H5 has gmfiicigmcd if! metkccclcgz‘cai pmjccis m the Amcficcc Socikwesz, NEW Engicmé, fialifcmia, magi Alaska, Ckcck $rcifiea {Am}; Mumm Gflmc} is :2: Phi}. candidate if: Envimfimcfimi 3mm Paiicy, mad Management at the Sfiévcmt}: cf Sfihfimifl, Barkem mm? c. rcscm’ckcr :2: $323 Sm: Fmficiscc Estumy [mama-e. R933 :3th is :2 Fig.5. cafléidmc {a afithmpology at the Uflivcrsity of 643%?— ?aécl fiafiacifi. His T€$£afifii imamis incicdc indigeficcs Caigfcmécm Sandsccpc mszmgc- meat flames; echflabcmfiicci scaéics, can? Eggs imyfici cf cckniaiism m: infiigcmm 35mm 'fi'ifi‘flfifi §§3®3§@@ 33 ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2/AC taught by Professor Wilkes during the Spring '09 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Lightfoot et al 2008 - “THE PLACE mats mafia” Dan...

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