CommManifesto

CommManifesto - The Communist Manifesto Kar l M ar x and Fr...

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Unformatted text preview: The Communist Manifesto Kar l M ar x and Fr iedr ich Engels 1848 Basic premises • The economy is the basis of society – how we survive is the first problem humans have to solve • Institutions, organizations, ideology develop out of the economic base Class conflict is the motor behind historical change “The histor y of all hither to existing society is the histor y of class str uggles.” Social tensions and motives for social change arise out of differences in class interests and economic contradictions. Transition from feudalism to capitalism • Feudal society comprised of roughly three layers – king/aristocracy – burghers/merchants /guild-masters (bourgeoisie) – serfs/apprentices • Monarch and the king’s appointees hold political power King John signing the Magna Carta Economic changes disrupt Feudal society • Technical advances in production and transportation creates a foundation for the Industrial Revolution (1750- 1900) • The opening of global travel, trade and colonization created a stronger a market for international goods • Industrialization contributes to new market demands and hitherto expensive goods are mass produced and much cheaper • Trade and industrialization create a new and very wealth social class—the Bourgeoisie (between the aristocracy and the peasant) • Early industrial society has unprecedented levels of wealth as well as new forms Sir Francis Drake Bourgeois Revolution • The new Bourgeoisie rebels against extreme power of the aristocracy (e.g., French Revolution) • Bourgeois revolution introduces parliamentary democracy which gives political power to the bourgeoisie (not lower classes) • New laws emphasize individual rights and property rights • New political conditions allow industrial “The bour geoisie, wher ever it has got the upper hand, has put an end to all feudal, patr iar chal, idyllic r elations.” Feudal relations are ended by the development of modern, industrial capitalism and the economic and political power of the bourgeoisie who strip political power from the aristocracy. Scene from the French Revolution Two new classes emerge under industrial capitalism: • The Bourgeoisie— owners of the means of production , (i.e., all the equipment, technology and labor that go into the production of goods). • The Proletariat— workers who create industrial wealth through their labor in the factories Hostile Class Divisions “Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other--bourgeoisie and proletariat” Capitalism is a tr ansfor mative for ce in the production of goods • Technology advances very quickly under capitalism as the search for more profits/efficiency constantly revolutionizes the means of production • Modern capitalism transforms nature to an unprecedented extent at an unprecedented speed as capitalist society is able to Other forms of the economy/ways...
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CommManifesto - The Communist Manifesto Kar l M ar x and Fr...

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