M_D Compare - M ar x and Engels Review Basic premises •...

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Unformatted text preview: M ar x and Engels Review Basic premises • The economy is the basis of society – how we survive is the first problem humans have to solve • Institutions, organizations, ideology develop out of the economic base Humans stratify into different economic classes over time • Difference in economic status create social tensions that eventually lead to revolution and the establishment of new forms of society. The Ancien Regime on the backs of the citizens “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggle” Proletariat Revolution • M/E predicted that the concentration of wealth by the bourgeoisie and the shared, horrific working and living conditions among the proletariat would inspire a sot/communis t revolution • New class conflict new form of Depiction of the Paris Commune 1871 Basic Vocabulary • Forces of production refers to everything needed to create wealth, e.g., technology, equipment, factory space, workers, management, specialized knowledge, transportation, etc. • Relations of production refer to the distribution of wealth (class structure) created by the forces of production (i.e., who gets what) • Modes of production are a combination of the forces and relations of production that characterize different societies, (e.g., subsistence agriculture is one mode of production, capitalist industrial manufacturing is another mode of • Commodification of labor refers to the reduction of human beings to a quantity of labor power (how much someone can produce in a given time) that is bought and sold on the open market like a piece of equipment • Exploitation of labor refers to the difference between the value of what someone creates and how much they actually get paid. The difference in value between worker productivity and wages becomes profit for the bourgeoisie (owner) • Alienation of labor refers to the absence of creativity when work is highly routinized and/or specialized (e.g., assembly line production) Som:...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course SOCIOL 3ac taught by Professor Kelsey during the Spring '11 term at Berkeley.

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M_D Compare - M ar x and Engels Review Basic premises •...

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