Lecture5 - Fallacy Fallacy Reasoning trick to persuade the...

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Unformatted text preview: Fallacy Fallacy Reasoning trick to persuade the readers to accept a conclusion Ad Hominem Attack, insult on the person Example: Joe should be fired because he is lazy and is a busy body. Slippery Slope Assumption that proposed step will set off an uncontrollable chain of undesirable events Example: Allowing the pensioners to keep their medical benefit will bring more demand from the union, and the companys bankruptcy. Searching for Perfect Solution The solution should not be adopted as it would not solve all parts of the problem Example: Even if we can save the teaching positions, the administrative staffs are going to be cut so we might as well let the school board deal with the problem. Equivocation Key word or phrase is used with two or more meanings Example: I love all kind of cookies so I must accept and keep all cookies. Appeal to Popularity (Ad Populum) Justify a claim by appealing to sentiments that large groups of people have in common Example: It is a great idea to drive a diesel car as there are tens of thousand on the road. Appeal to Questionable Authority Citing an authority who lacks special expertise on the issue Example: My 82 years old neighbour tells me that taking large amount of vitamin C in winter will protect us from the flu. Appeals to Emotions Use emotionally charged language to distract readers and listeners Example: Government-funded daycare centres are essential to all communities as protecting the next generation is an important task. Straw Person Distorting our opponents point of view...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course SCIENCE 321 taught by Professor Aaa during the Spring '11 term at Windsor.

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Lecture5 - Fallacy Fallacy Reasoning trick to persuade the...

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