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comparison of early vs. later vedic - Many gods Many nature...

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Comparison of Early vs. Later Vedic Myth Early vs. Later Vedic Mythology Early Vedic Later Vedic Notion of the divine Power controlling human life (Personification of the power of nature) Many expressions of one power Sacrificial rituals to please nature gods so that they can get what they want Control nature gods by performing flawless sacrificial rituals Relationship between HBs and gods Interdependent but Top down: HB controlled by gods Interdependent: cosmic/ Social/ Individual order Power bottom up (though rta unquestioned) One god? Rta the most powerful controlling force:, but with no substantive force the ultimate divine, Eternal waters or Brahman, with creative power (material source) and controlling power (rta, cosmic order) in it Hindu Trimurti: Brahma, Visnu, Siva
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Unformatted text preview: Many gods? Many nature gods observing rta Indra vs. Vrtra, Agni, Surya, Gandharvas & Apsaras, Varuna Functioning of the universe All follows rta, cosmic order If rta disturbed, Varuna punishes Also rta, but inherent in Brahman If disturbed, then Visnu descends in the form of Avatara Creation myth 1. Purusha in Rgveda 4-fold division(BKVS) (different potential of individuals; social needs; all interdependent) 2. Nasadiya Hymn: universe from nothingness or chaotic state 3. Don’t know Creation myth in Puranas- Brahman and Hindu Trinity- Eternal cycle of creation, sustenance and destruction- destruction considered not negative Good & Evil the thing which follows rta or which is conducive to HBs (e.g. Indra vs Vrtra)...
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