10.16 - Chemistry 102B Discussion Worksheet #14...

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Hybridization When atoms bond to form molecules, they use hybridized orbitals. These are formed through the hybridization of the valence atomic orbitals (s, p and d orbitals). The hybridized orbitals have different shapes and energy levels than the valence atomic orbitals . The number of hybridized orbitals created by hybridization depends on the number of valence atomic orbitals that are mixed to form them. In forming sp 3 hybridized orbitals, four atomic orbitals are mixed, one s and three p. The energy diagram for this process is shown below. The hybridized orbitals are higher in energy than the s orbital, but lower in energy than the p oribitals. s p atomic orbitals hybridization hybridized orbitals Carbon has 4 valence electrons. Add these electrons to the atomic and hybridized orbitals. This hybridization gives tetrahedral geometry . With this hybridization, C will form four equivalent σ bonds . Draw a similar energy diagram for
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course CHEMISTRY 102 taught by Professor Whitt during the Spring '11 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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10.16 - Chemistry 102B Discussion Worksheet #14...

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