midterm 3 study material

midterm 3 study material - Equations 1) Kp=Kc(RT)n 2)...

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Equations 1) K p =K c (RT) Δn 2) pH=-log(H 3 O + ) pOH=-log(OH - ) 3) pH+pOH=14.00 4) [H 3 O + ][OH - ]=K w =1.0x10 -14 5) pK a/b =-log(K a/b ) 6) K a/b =10 -pKa/b 7) K a -K b =K w =1.0x10 -14 pK a +pK b =pK w =14.00 Strong Acids 1) HClO 4 Perchloric acid 2) H 2 SO 4 Sulfuric acid 3) HCl Hydrochloric acid 4) HNO 3 Nitric acid Strong bases 1) C 2 H 5 O - Ethoxide ion 2) NH 2 - Amide ion 3) H - Hydride ion K 1 then product favored ˃ K 1 then reactant favored ˂ Q K then products to reactants ˃ Q K then reactants to products ˂ K-values→ o Multiplying by n K new =(K original ) n o Reversing equation K new =1/K original o Adding equations K new =(K 1 )(K 2 )(K 3 )… Le Chat’s→ o Concentration ↑ reactants= shift right ↓ reactants= shift left ↑ products= shift left ↓ products= shift right o Pressure ↑ volume= side w/ more molecules ↓ volume= side w/ less molecules o Temperature
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