Organic_Molecules_II

Organic_Molecules_II - all nucleotides have the same basic...

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Organic Molecules Continued PROTEINS: Contain C,O,H,N and usually some sulfur also. A. Polymers of amino acids (~ 20 different kinds) B. All amino acids have the same basic structure C. Amino Acids are bonded together through condensation reactions, "peptide bond”. D. Structurally complex: (unlike carbohydrates and lipids) * primary structure (1o): * secondary structure (2o): * tertiary structure (3o): * quaternary structure (4o):
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The 3-d shape of proteins is often very important to how they function. A change in a single amino acid may cause the final molecule to have a different shape. structure,2 o , 3 o , 4 o ) largely determined by? Function of proteins * Structure *Regulators NUCLEIC ACIDS: a. Polymers of nucleotides (5 kinds)
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Unformatted text preview: all nucleotides have the same basic structure Nucleic Acids: are polymers of nucleotides bonded together through condensation reactions. Special Nucleotide: ATP Classes of Organic Molecules Overview: Similarities : large molecules are polymers of smaller subunits the reactions which join these monomers are condensation reactions the reactions which breakdown the polymers are hydrolysis reactions Differences: Carbohydrates and lipids the polymers do not contain any information in the sequence of components, they contain large amounts of energy Proteins and Nucleic acids on the other hand the sequence of components is very important and does contain information, but they contain much less energy...
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Organic_Molecules_II - all nucleotides have the same basic...

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