Translation

Translation - : the ribosome can bind 2 tRNAs (each with 1...

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Genetic Code mRNA nucleotides Triplet Cide Degenerate or redundant code rRNA and tRNA involbved in this process rRNA as part of the ribosome (site of protein synthesis) tRNA anti-codon and an amnino acid TRANSLATION: initiation : 5' end of mRNA binds to the small ribosomal subunit and the first codon (AUG) (always the first codon) pairs with a tRNA with the anticodon to AUG this tRNA carries the amino acid methionine. The large subunit now binds to form a functional ribosome (P site) chain elongation
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Unformatted text preview: : the ribosome can bind 2 tRNAs (each with 1 amino acid). One in the P (peptidyl) site and the other in the A (aminoacyl) site. Peptide bonds form between the amino acids attached to the tRNAs and the tRNA in the P site is released. ribosome moves 3 nucleotides at a time termination message : when ribosome reaches a stop codon (UAA, UAG, UGA) the newly formed polypeptide is released. MUTATION Point Mutations : Base substitutions: Frame shift mutations: Chromosomal Mutations:...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course BIOL 1201 taught by Professor Wishtichusen during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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