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Unformatted text preview: Sociology Sociology is the scientific study of social life. It’s observing people in societies, the way people act and the way societies do things. Long ago people did not take it seriously. A lot of the information was inaccurate. Sociology is a product of the industrial revolution. Many people put the beginnings of the industry in the middle of the 1700’s. It was a rather long process involving scientific advances like mechanical advances. Wherever industrial revolution went it did dramatically change how it related to life and people, and in many cases it was disruptive. People started looking at these changes and asking questions. It was also the age of reason with an influence on science. Auguste Compte The word sociology was coined by this French sociologist, but some people say it was coined back in 1776 by a guy named Adam Smith. Adam Smith Smith published The Wealth of Nations. In this book Smith argued for a free market economy “Laissez-Faire” which can be translated as “leave it alone”. At this time the government had nothing to do with economy. Smith said there was a certain invisible king with the market and it will control the production of goods. Free American competition will make sure that goods are available in descent quality at a good price. The process of demand will work out itself. For example, if the demand goes up more will be produced and if the demand goes down less will be produced. Smith also emphasized on “High Division of Labor” this means that everyone is specialized at what they do. Before assembly production if you were a carriage maker you made a carriage. With assembly line production this changed. Now you had different set of workers making different parts of things. Smith said this was a far more productive way of producing goods. This will maximize the efficient of production. For example, if it takes longer to make wheels put more people on the wheel assembly. So the number of wheels corresponds to another part of the assembly. Herbert Spencer He was another founding father of sociology back in the mid 1800’s. Like most sociologist at this time they were something else before they were sociologist. He was a doctor and biologist. He was very influenced by Darwin and Wallace in England. He found the similarities of science and society by using how society’s division from simpler forms to more complex ways as they grow more and more into a society. A more complex society was like higher animals (mammals, humans,) where their...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course BIOL 1201 taught by Professor Wishtichusen during the Spring '07 term at LSU.
- Spring '07