Pinker Acquisition Chapter

Pinker Acquisition - Pinker Acquisition Chapter 1 What is the evidence for dissociations between linguistic and general intelligence Strokes leave

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Pinker Acquisition Chapter 1. What is the evidence for dissociations between linguistic and general intelligence? Strokes leave adults with catastrophic losses in language, though not necessarily impaired in other aspects of intelligence (measured by nonverbal parts of IQ test). Inherited set of syndromes called Specific Language Impairment, but no cognitive problems. There is also evidence showing the opposite dissociation where excellent language abilities coexist with severe retardation. i.e. Spina Bifida and Williams syndrome 2. What are the stages of syntactic acquisition? Babies understand syntax before they put words together (i.e. Sesame Street study). At about 18 months, vocabulary growth increases and primitive syntax begins with two-word strings that are properly ordered, i.e. All Dry. Between the late 2s and mid-3s, children’s language blooms into fluent grammatical conversation so rapidly- number of syntactic types increase (doubling every month). They begin to use embedded sentencesand function words. They swiftly aquire free word order, SOV/VSO orders. . etc. All parts of all languages are acquired before the child turns 4. 3. According to learnability theory, what is required to learn a language? Defined learning involving four parts: 1. A class of languages existing and possible human languages vs. the target language which is the one spoken in their community. 2. An environment information in the word that the learner has to go on in trying to acquire the language 3. A learning strategy the learner uses info in environment and tries out “hypotheses” about target language. The learning strategy is the algorithm that creates the hypotheses and determines whether they
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2011 for the course PSYC 532 taught by Professor Shultz during the Fall '10 term at McGill.

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Pinker Acquisition - Pinker Acquisition Chapter 1 What is the evidence for dissociations between linguistic and general intelligence Strokes leave

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